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BASF - Stock

BASF Stock



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BASF Revenue, EBIT, Net Income

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Net Income

Revenue, EBIT and Profit

Understanding Revenue, EBIT, and Income

Gain insights into BASF, a comprehensive overview of its financial performance can be obtained by analyzing the Revenue, EBIT, and Income chart. Revenue represents the total income generated by BASF from its primary operations, showcasing the company’s ability to attract and retain clients. EBIT, or Earnings Before Interest and Taxes, indicates the company’s operational profitability, free from the influence of tax and interest expenses. The Income section reflects BASF’s net earnings, an ultimate measure of its financial health and profitability.

Yearly Analysis and Comparisons

Observe the yearly bars to understand the annual performance and growth of BASF. Compare the Revenue, EBIT, and Income to evaluate the company’s efficiency and profitability. A higher EBIT compared to the previous year suggests an improvement in operational efficiency. Likewise, an increase in Income indicates enhanced overall profitability. Analyzing the year-to-year comparison assists investors in understanding the company’s growth trajectory and operational efficiency.

Utilizing Expectations for Investment

The expected values for the forthcoming years offer investors a glimpse into BASF’s anticipated financial performance. Analyzing these projections alongside historical data aids in making informed investment decisions. Investors can gauge the potential risks and returns, aligning their investment strategies accordingly to optimize profitability and mitigate risks.

Investment Insights

Leveraging the comparison between Revenue and EBIT helps in assessing BASF’s operational efficiency, while the Revenue and Income comparison reveals the net profitability after accounting for all expenses. Investors can derive valuable insights by meticulously analyzing these financial parameters, laying the foundation for strategic investment decisions aimed at capitalizing on BASF’s growth potential.

BASF Revenue, Profit, and EBIT History

DateBASF RevenueBASF EBITBASF Net Income
2029e82.44 B undefined0 undefined4.03 B undefined
2028e81.37 B undefined7.04 B undefined3.79 B undefined
2027e79.1 B undefined6.81 B undefined4.26 B undefined
2026e74.83 B undefined6.22 B undefined4.52 B undefined
2025e71.95 B undefined5.42 B undefined3.9 B undefined
2024e68.75 B undefined4.35 B undefined3.15 B undefined
202368.9 B undefined3.09 B undefined225 M undefined
202287.33 B undefined6.53 B undefined-627 M undefined
202178.6 B undefined7.6 B undefined5.52 B undefined
202059.15 B undefined542 M undefined-1.06 B undefined
201959.32 B undefined4.03 B undefined8.42 B undefined
201860.22 B undefined5.85 B undefined4.71 B undefined
201761.22 B undefined7.42 B undefined6.08 B undefined
201657.55 B undefined6.28 B undefined4.06 B undefined
201570.45 B undefined6.14 B undefined3.99 B undefined
201474.33 B undefined6.84 B undefined5.16 B undefined
201373.97 B undefined6.93 B undefined4.84 B undefined
201278.73 B undefined9.02 B undefined4.88 B undefined
201173.5 B undefined8.72 B undefined6.19 B undefined
201063.87 B undefined8.63 B undefined4.56 B undefined
200950.69 B undefined4.18 B undefined1.41 B undefined
200862.3 B undefined6.86 B undefined2.91 B undefined
200757.95 B undefined7.43 B undefined4.07 B undefined
200652.61 B undefined6.75 B undefined3.22 B undefined
200542.75 B undefined5.83 B undefined3.01 B undefined
200437.54 B undefined4.86 B undefined1.88 B undefined

BASF Stock Ratios

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  • Expanded

  • Income Statement

  • Balance Sheet

  • Cashflow

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Revenue and Growth

The BASF Revenue and Revenue Growth are pivotal to understanding the company's financial health and operational efficiency. A consistent increase in revenue indicates a company’s ability to effectively market and sell its products or services, while the revenue growth percentage offers insights into the pace at which the company is expanding over the years.

Gross Margin

The Gross Margin is a crucial metric that showcases the percentage of revenue exceeding the cost of goods sold (COGS). A higher gross margin is indicative of a company’s efficiency in controlling its production costs, thereby promising potential profitability and financial stability.

EBIT and EBIT Margin

EBIT (Earnings Before Interest and Taxes) and EBIT Margin offer deep insights into a company’s profitability, excluding the impacts of interest and taxes. Investors often assess these metrics to gauge the operational efficiency and inherent profitability of a business, separate from its financial structure and tax environment.

Income and Growth

Net Income and its subsequent growth are quintessential for investors looking to understand a company’s profitability. Consistent income growth underscores a company’s ability to enhance its profitability over time, reflecting operational efficiency, strategic competitiveness, and financial health.

Shares Outstanding

Shares outstanding refer to the total number of shares a company has issued. It's instrumental in calculating key metrics like Earnings Per Share (EPS) which is pivotal for investors to evaluate a company’s profitability on a per-share basis, offering a more granular view of financial health and valuation.

Interpreting Year to Year Comparison

Comparing yearly data allows investors to identify trends, assess the company’s growth, and anticipate potential future performance. Analyzing how metrics like revenue, income, and margins change year over year can provide valuable insights into the company’s operational efficiency, competitiveness, and overall financial health.

Expectations and Predictions

Investors often juxtapose the current and past financial data with the market’s expectations. This comparison aids in assessing whether the BASF is performing as anticipated, underperforming or outperforming the market predictions, providing pivotal data for investment decisions.


Balance Sheet

Understanding the Balance Sheet

The balance sheet of BASF provides a detailed financial snapshot, revealing the company's assets, liabilities, and equity at a specific point in time. Analyzing these components is crucial for investors looking to understand BASF's financial health and stability.


BASF's assets represent everything the company owns or controls that has monetary value. These are categorized into current and non-current assets, offering insights into the company's liquidity and long-term investments.


Liabilities are obligations that BASF must settle in the future. Analyzing the ratio of liabilities to assets provides insights into the company's financial leverage and risk exposure.


Equity refers to the residual interest in the assets of BASF after deducting liabilities. It represents the owners’ claim on the company’s assets and earnings.

Year-to-Year Analysis

Comparing balance sheet figures year-to-year allows investors to identify trends, growth patterns, and potential financial risks, facilitating informed investment decisions.

Interpreting the Data

Detailed analysis of assets, liabilities, and equity can provide investors with comprehensive insights into BASF's financial standing, aiding in investment evaluations and risk assessments.


BASF stock margins

The BASF margin analysis displays the gross margin, EBIT margin, as well as the profit margin of BASF. The EBIT margin (EBIT/sales) indicates the percentage of sales that remains as operating profit. The profit margin shows the percentage of sales that remains for BASF.
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Gross margin
EBIT margin
Profit margin


Understanding Gross Margin

The gross margin, expressed as a percentage, delineates the gross profit made from the BASF's sales revenue. A higher gross margin percentage indicates that the BASF retains more revenue after accounting for the costs of goods sold. Investors use this metric to gauge financial health and operational efficiency, as well as to compare it with competitors and industry averages.

EBIT Margin Analysis

EBIT margin represents the BASF's earnings before interest and taxes. Analyzing the EBIT margin over different years provides insights into the operational profitability and efficiency, excluding the effects of financial leverage and tax structure. A growing EBIT margin over the years signifies improving operational performance.

Revenue Margin Insights

The revenue margin demonstrates the BASF's total revenue generated. When comparing the revenue margin year over year, investors can gauge the BASF's growth and market expansion. It is essential to compare the revenue margin with the gross and EBIT margins to understand the cost and profit structures better.

Interpreting Expectations

The expected values for gross, EBIT, and revenue margins provide future financial outlook of the BASF. Investors should compare these expectations with historical data to understand potential growth and risk factors. It is crucial to consider the underlying assumptions and methodologies used in projecting these expected values to make informed investment decisions.

Comparative Analysis

Comparing the gross, EBIT, and revenue margins, both yearly and over multiple years, enables investors to perform a comprehensive analysis of the BASF's financial health and growth prospects. Evaluating the trends and patterns in these margins helps in identifying strengths, weaknesses, and potential investment opportunities.

BASF Margin History

BASF Gross marginBASF Profit marginBASF EBIT marginBASF Profit margin
2029e23.8 %0 %4.89 %
2028e23.8 %8.65 %4.65 %
2027e23.8 %8.61 %5.38 %
2026e23.8 %8.32 %6.04 %
2025e23.8 %7.54 %5.42 %
2024e23.8 %6.32 %4.59 %
202323.8 %4.48 %0.33 %
202223.62 %7.47 %-0.72 %
202125.19 %9.67 %7.03 %
202025.54 %0.92 %-1.79 %
201927.4 %6.79 %14.2 %
201828.74 %9.71 %7.82 %
201732.07 %12.11 %9.93 %
201631.77 %10.92 %7.05 %
201527.08 %8.72 %5.66 %
201424.87 %9.2 %6.94 %
201325 %9.36 %6.55 %
201226.3 %11.46 %6.2 %
201126.55 %11.86 %8.42 %
201029.06 %13.51 %7.13 %
200927.64 %8.25 %2.78 %
200825.44 %11.01 %4.67 %
200727.7 %12.82 %7.02 %
200628.34 %12.83 %6.11 %
200530.83 %13.64 %7.03 %
200431.7 %12.93 %5.02 %

BASF Stock Sales Revenue, EBIT, Earnings per Share

The BASF earnings per share therefore indicates how much revenue BASF has generated per share in a given period. The earnings before interest and taxes per share shows how much of the operating profit corresponds to each share. The earnings per share indicates how much of the profit belongs to each share.
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Sales per Share
EBIT per share
Earnings per Share

Revenue, EBIT and Earnings per share

Revenue Per Share

Revenue per share represents the total revenue BASF earns, divided by the number of outstanding shares. It is a crucial metric as it reflects the company's ability to generate sales and signifies growth and expansion potential. Comparing yearly revenue per share allows investors to analyze the consistency in a company’s earnings and predict future trends.

EBIT Per Share

EBIT per share indicates BASF's earning before interest and taxes, offering insights into operational profitability excluding the effects of capital structure and tax rates. It can be juxtaposed against revenue per share to gauge the efficiency in converting sales into profits. A consistent increase in EBIT per share over the years underscores operational efficiency and profitability.

Income Per Share

Income per share, or earnings per share (EPS), reveals the portion of BASF’s profit allocated to each share of common stock. It’s instrumental in evaluating the profitability and financial health. By comparing it with revenue and EBIT per share, investors discern how effectively a firm translates sales and operational profits into net income.

Expected Values

Expected values are projections of revenue, EBIT, and income per share for forthcoming years. These anticipations, rooted in historical data and market analysis, aid investors in strategizing their investments, evaluating BASF's prospective performance, and estimating future stock prices. However, it’s pivotal to consider market volatilities and uncertainties that can influence these projections.

BASF Revenue, Profit, and EBIT per Share History

DateBASF Sales per ShareBASF EBIT per shareBASF Earnings per Share
2029e92.23 undefined0 undefined4.51 undefined
2028e91.03 undefined0 undefined4.24 undefined
2027e88.5 undefined0 undefined4.76 undefined
2026e83.72 undefined0 undefined5.06 undefined
2025e80.49 undefined0 undefined4.36 undefined
2024e76.91 undefined0 undefined3.53 undefined
202377.19 undefined3.46 undefined0.25 undefined
202296.84 undefined7.24 undefined-0.7 undefined
202185.57 undefined8.27 undefined6.01 undefined
202064.4 undefined0.59 undefined-1.15 undefined
201964.58 undefined4.39 undefined9.17 undefined
201865.56 undefined6.37 undefined5.12 undefined
201766.66 undefined8.07 undefined6.62 undefined
201662.66 undefined6.84 undefined4.42 undefined
201576.7 undefined6.69 undefined4.34 undefined
201480.92 undefined7.45 undefined5.61 undefined
201380.58 undefined7.54 undefined5.27 undefined
201285.76 undefined9.83 undefined5.31 undefined
201180.06 undefined9.49 undefined6.74 undefined
201069.58 undefined9.4 undefined4.96 undefined
200955.22 undefined4.55 undefined1.54 undefined
200866.99 undefined7.37 undefined3.13 undefined
200759.25 undefined7.6 undefined4.16 undefined
200652.14 undefined6.69 undefined3.19 undefined
200540.71 undefined5.55 undefined2.86 undefined
200434.22 undefined4.43 undefined1.72 undefined

BASF stock analysis

BASF SE is a German multinational chemical company headquartered in Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Germany. The company was founded in 1865 as Badische Anilin- und Sodafabrik and has since developed into one of the world's leading chemical companies, operating in many different industries. BASF's business model is diverse and includes a variety of products, including chemicals, plastics, finishing products, agricultural products, and oil and gas products. The company places a strong emphasis on sustainability and environmental compatibility, aiming to minimize the impact of its products on the environment. In the chemical industry, BASF is one of the largest manufacturers of basic chemicals such as ammonia or methanol, as well as specialty chemicals used in a variety of industries. This includes additives and pigments for plastic production, called masterbatches, as well as chemicals for the textile industry used for dyeing and finishing fabrics. In addition to the chemical industry, BASF is also a significant player in the agricultural industry. The company produces a wide range of agricultural products, including seeds, pesticides, and fertilizers. BASF relies on innovative, environmentally-friendly technologies to promote sustainable agriculture. Another important market for BASF is the oil and gas industry. The company primarily operates as a supplier of chemicals and solutions for oil production. BASF develops special chemical solutions aimed at minimizing environmental damage and increasing the efficiency of oil production. BASF is also active in other industries, such as the automotive industry, construction industry, and electronics industry. In the automotive industry, for example, the company manufactures plastic components such as bumpers or dashboards, while in the construction industry, it offers solutions for concrete and asphalt production. BASF produces components for the manufacturing of computer chips and other electronic devices in the electronics industry. Overall, BASF has a wide-ranging product portfolio spanning multiple industries and applications. The company prioritizes innovative technologies and solutions to produce sustainable and environmentally-friendly products. With its worldwide distribution network and a workforce of over 115,000 employees, BASF is one of the world's leading chemical companies and a key partner for many customers and industries. BASF is one of the most popular companies on Eulerpool.com.

BASF revenue by segment

In the annual report of the BASF share (DE000BASF111, BASF11, BAS.DE), it breaks down its revenues into 7 segments: 1. Materials, 2. Chemicals, 3. Industrial Solutions, 4. Agricultural Solutions, 5. Nutrition & Care, 6. Other, 7. Surface Technologies. The BASF stock (WKN: BASF11, ISIN: DE000BASF111, Ticker Symbol: BAS.DE) is a leading investment for investors interested in participating in the Materials sector.

  • 19 % Materials

  • 16 % Chemicals

  • 14 % Industrial Solutions

  • 13 % Agricultural Solutions

  • 10 % Nutrition & Care

  • 5 % Other

  • 23 % Surface Technologies

BASF SWOT Analysis


BASF SE is a leading global chemical company, known for its diverse portfolio of high-quality products.

The company has a strong research and development capability, allowing it to innovate and offer innovative solutions to its customers.

BASF SE has a strong global presence and operates in multiple markets, providing it with a wide customer base and diverse revenue streams.

The company has a well-established supply chain and distribution network, ensuring efficient delivery of products.


BASF SE is heavily reliant on the chemical industry, which is subject to fluctuating market conditions.

The company faces intense competition from other chemical companies, potentially affecting its market share and profitability.

BASF SE's business operations may be impacted by government regulations and environmental concerns related to the chemical industry.

The company may face challenges in adapting to digital transformation and incorporating new technologies into its operations.


BASF SE can benefit from the growing demand for sustainable and environmentally friendly products, as it has the capability to develop such solutions.

The company can expand its presence in emerging markets, which offer significant growth potential.

BASF SE can explore strategic partnerships and acquisitions to enhance its product offerings and market positioning.

There is an opportunity for the company to leverage advancements in digital technologies to improve operational efficiency and customer experience.


The global economic conditions and geopolitical factors can impact BASF SE's business performance and profitability.

Emerging competitors in the chemical industry pose a threat to the market dominance of BASF SE.

The company may face challenges related to raw material availability and price volatility.

Increasing regulatory requirements and environmental concerns can impose additional costs and restrictions on BASF SE's operations.

BASF valuation based on historical P/E ratio, EBIT, and P/S ratio.

BASF shares outstanding

The number of shares was BASF in 2023 — This indicates how many shares 892.641 M is divided into. Since shareholders are the owners of a company, each share represents a small portion of the company's ownership.
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Number of stocks

Revenue, EBIT and Earnings per share

Revenue Per Share

Revenue per share represents the total revenue BASF earns, divided by the number of outstanding shares. It is a crucial metric as it reflects the company's ability to generate sales and signifies growth and expansion potential. Comparing yearly revenue per share allows investors to analyze the consistency in a company’s earnings and predict future trends.

EBIT Per Share

EBIT per share indicates BASF's earning before interest and taxes, offering insights into operational profitability excluding the effects of capital structure and tax rates. It can be juxtaposed against revenue per share to gauge the efficiency in converting sales into profits. A consistent increase in EBIT per share over the years underscores operational efficiency and profitability.

Income Per Share

Income per share, or earnings per share (EPS), reveals the portion of BASF’s profit allocated to each share of common stock. It’s instrumental in evaluating the profitability and financial health. By comparing it with revenue and EBIT per share, investors discern how effectively a firm translates sales and operational profits into net income.

Expected Values

Expected values are projections of revenue, EBIT, and income per share for forthcoming years. These anticipations, rooted in historical data and market analysis, aid investors in strategizing their investments, evaluating BASF's prospective performance, and estimating future stock prices. However, it’s pivotal to consider market volatilities and uncertainties that can influence these projections.

BASF Stock splits

In BASF's history, there have been no stock splits.

BASF Stock Dividend

In 2023, BASF paid a dividend amounting to 3.4 EUR. Dividend means that BASF distributes a portion of its profits to its owners.
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Dividend (Estimate)


Dividend Overview

The dividend per year chart for BASF provides a comprehensive view of the annual dividends distributed to shareholders. Analyze the trend to understand the consistency and growth in dividend payouts over the years.

Interpretation and Use

A consistent or increasing trend in dividends can indicate the company's profitability and financial health. Investors can use this data to identify BASF’s potential for long-term investment and income generation through dividends.

Investment Strategy

Incorporate the dividend data in evaluating BASF's overall performance. A thorough analysis, considering other financial aspects, will help in making informed investment decisions for optimal capital growth and income generation.

BASF Dividend History

DateBASF Dividend
2029e3.37 undefined
2028e3.37 undefined
2027e3.37 undefined
2026e3.37 undefined
2025e3.37 undefined
2024e3.37 undefined
20233.4 undefined
20223.4 undefined
20213.3 undefined
20203.3 undefined
20193.2 undefined
20183.1 undefined
20173 undefined
20162.9 undefined
20152.8 undefined
20142.7 undefined
20132.6 undefined
20122.5 undefined
20112.2 undefined
20101.7 undefined
20091.95 undefined
20081.95 undefined
20071.5 undefined
20061 undefined
20050.85 undefined
20040.7 undefined

BASF Stock Payout Ratio

In 2023, BASF had a payout ratio of 50.13%. The payout ratio indicates the percentage of the company's profits that BASF distributes as dividends.
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Payout ratio

Payout ratio

What is Yearly Payout Ratio?

The yearly payout ratio for BASF represents the proportion of earnings paid out as dividends to shareholders. It is an indicator of the company's financial health and stability, illustrating how much profit is being returned to investors versus being reinvested back into the company.

How to Interpret the Data

A lower payout ratio for BASF could mean that the company is reinvesting more into its growth, whereas a higher ratio indicates more earnings are being distributed as dividends. Investors seeking regular income might prefer companies with a higher payout ratio, while those looking for growth may opt for companies with a lower ratio.

Using the Data for Investments

Evaluate BASF's payout ratio in conjunction with other financial metrics and performance indicators. A sustainable payout ratio, coupled with strong financial health, can indicate a reliable dividend payout. However, a very high ratio might suggest the company is not sufficiently reinvesting in its future growth.

BASF Payout Ratio History

DateBASF Payout ratio
2029e49.13 %
2028e49.49 %
2027e48.78 %
2026e49.12 %
2025e50.57 %
2024e46.66 %
202350.13 %
2022-488.99 %
202154.91 %
2020-286.96 %
201934.93 %
201860.55 %
201745.39 %
201665.67 %
201564.5 %
201448.11 %
201349.34 %
201247.08 %
201132.64 %
201034.27 %
2009126.62 %
200862.3 %
200736.06 %
200631.35 %
200529.72 %
200440.7 %
Unfortunately, there are currently no price targets and forecasts available for BASF.

BASF Earnings Surprises

DateEPS EstimateEPS ActualQuarterly report
3/31/20241.36 1.68  (23.46 %)2024 Q1
12/31/20230.44 -0.18  (-140.92 %)2023 Q4
9/30/20230.39 0.32  (-18.01 %)2023 Q3
6/30/20230.82 0.72  (-11.72 %)2023 Q2
3/31/20231.44 1.93  (33.95 %)2023 Q1
12/31/20220.28 0.09  (-67.6 %)2022 Q4
9/30/20221.46 1.77  (21.18 %)2022 Q3
6/30/20222.14 2.37  (10.53 %)2022 Q2
3/31/20222.06 2.7  (30.96 %)2022 Q1
12/31/20211.63 1.17  (-28.38 %)2021 Q4

Eulerpool ESG Scorecard© for the BASF stock

Eulerpool World ESG Rating (EESG©)

89/ 100

🌱 Environment


👫 Social


🏛️ Governance



Scope 1 - Direct Emissions
Scope 2 - Indirect emissions from purchased energy
Scope 3 - Indirect emissions within the value chain
Total CO₂ emissions
CO₂ reduction strategy
Coal energy
Nuclear power
Animal experiments
Fur & Leather
Palm Oil
Genetically modified organisms
Climate concept
Sustainable forestry
Recycling regulations
Environmentally friendly packaging
Hazardous substances
Fuel consumption and efficiency
Water consumption and efficiency


Percentage of female employees26.4
Percentage of women in management
Percentage of Asian employees
Share of Asian management
Percentage of Hispanic/Latino employees
Hispano/Latino Management share
Percentage of Black employees
Black Management Share
Percentage of white employees
White Management Share
Adult content
Military contracts
Human rights concept
Privacy concept
Occupational health and safety

Governance (Corporate Governance)

Environmental reporting
Stakeholder Engagement
Call Back Policies
Antitrust law

Kontaktformular an uns. The Eulerpool ESG Scorecard© is the strictly copyrighted intellectual property of Eulerpool Research Systems. Any unauthorized use, imitation, or infringement will be actively pursued and may lead to significant legal consequences. For licenses, collaborations, or usage rights, please contact us directly via our contact form. Contact Form to us.

BASF Stock Shareholders

5.43 % BlackRock Institutional Trust Company, N.A.48,526,809010/25/2023
2.99 % The Vanguard Group, Inc.26,710,33910,7103/31/2024
1.82 % Amundi Asset Management, SAS16,309,210-224,7373/31/2024
1.23 % Norges Bank Investment Management (NBIM)10,974,024-4,452,33912/31/2023
0.89 % BlackRock Asset Management Deutschland AG7,993,358-145,0833/31/2024
0.76 % Goldman Sachs Asset Management, L.P.6,767,4001,792,6304/11/2024
0.72 % BlackRock Advisors (UK) Limited6,418,90233,7473/31/2024
0.64 % Geode Capital Management, L.L.C.5,744,9496,9143/31/2024
0.62 % Deka Investment GmbH5,533,683-119,1513/31/2024
0.54 % Dimensional Fund Advisors, L.P.4,841,9258,0003/31/2024

BASF Executives and Management Board

Dr. Martin Brudermueller63
BASF Chairman of the Board of Executive Directors
Compensation 5.84 M
Dr. Markus Kamieth53
BASF Member of the Board of Executive Directors
Compensation 3.44 M
Mr. Michael Heinz59
BASF Member of the Board of Executive Directors
Compensation 3.36 M
Ms. Saori Dubourg52
BASF Member of the Board of Executive Directors
Compensation 2.96 M
Dr. Melanie Maas-Brunner54
BASF Chief Technology Officer, Member of the Board of Executive Directors
Compensation 2.66 M

BASF Supply Chain

NameRelationshipTwo-week correlationOne-month correlationThree-Month CorrelationSix-Month CorrelationOne Year CorrelationTwo-Year Correlation
Elemental Holding SA - Stock
Elemental Holding SA
SICIT Group SpA - Stock

Frequently Asked Questions about BASF stock

What values and corporate philosophy does BASF represent?

BASF SE represents values of innovation, sustainability, and collaboration. As a leading chemical company, BASF is committed to developing innovative solutions that contribute to a sustainable future. The company follows a corporate philosophy based on six core values: customer focus, excellence, innovation, openness, responsibility, and teamwork. BASF aims to create long-term value for its stakeholders, including customers, employees, shareholders, and the society. By continuously investing in research and development, BASF strives to address global challenges and provide solutions that benefit various industries, such as automotive, agriculture, construction, and consumer goods.

In which countries and regions is BASF primarily present?

BASF SE is primarily present in various countries and regions worldwide. With its headquarters in Ludwigshafen, Germany, the company has a significant presence in Europe, particularly in Germany, France, Belgium, Spain, and the United Kingdom. BASF also expands its operations across North America, specifically in the United States and Canada. Furthermore, the company has established a strong foothold in Asia, including China, Japan, South Korea, and India. BASF SE's global presence extends to South America, with operations in Brazil and Argentina, while also maintaining a presence in Africa and the Middle East.

What significant milestones has the company BASF achieved?

BASF SE has achieved several significant milestones throughout its history. Founded in 1865, the company has grown to become one of the world's leading chemical companies. BASF SE pioneered the production of synthetic dyes, expanded its product portfolio to include chemicals, plastics, performance products, and agricultural solutions. Over the years, the company has made remarkable advancements in sustainable technologies and innovations. BASF SE has also actively pursued strategic acquisitions and partnerships to strengthen its position in diverse markets globally. Notable milestones include the introduction of high-yielding seeds and digital tools for agriculture and successful developments in automotive coatings and lightweight materials.

What is the history and background of the company BASF?

BASF SE, a leading chemical company headquartered in Ludwigshafen, Germany, has a rich history dating back to its founding in 1865. It originally started as a dye factory and later diversified into various chemical products. Throughout the years, BASF SE has continuously evolved and expanded its portfolio, becoming a global player in the chemical industry. The company's success can be attributed to its commitment to innovation, sustainability, and customer satisfaction. BASF SE is known for its broad range of products, including chemicals, plastics, performance products, and functional materials. Today, it operates in more than 80 countries and is recognized for its technological advancements, research, and development.

Who are the main competitors of BASF in the market?

The main competitors of BASF SE in the market include companies like Dow Chemical Company, DuPont de Nemours Inc., and Bayer AG.

In which industries is BASF primarily active?

BASF SE is primarily active in various industries. The company operates in the chemical industry, producing and supplying a wide range of chemicals and related products. BASF is also actively involved in the production of plastics, coatings, performance chemicals, and agricultural solutions. With its diverse portfolio, BASF serves industries such as automotive, construction, electronics, agriculture, pharmaceuticals, and many more. As one of the largest chemical companies globally, BASF SE consistently aims to provide innovative solutions and contribute to the advancement of multiple industries.

What is the business model of BASF?

The business model of BASF SE focuses on being a leading chemical company worldwide. BASF SE operates through five segments: Chemicals, Performance Products, Functional Materials & Solutions, Agricultural Solutions, and Oil & Gas. The company offers a wide range of products, including chemicals, plastics, performance products, agricultural solutions, and oil and gas. BASF SE aims to create value for its customers by delivering innovative solutions and products while taking into account sustainability and environmental considerations. The company's diversified portfolio and global presence enable it to cater to various industries and meet the evolving needs of its customers. BASF SE's business model emphasizes continuous innovation, customer focus, and sustainable practices.

What is the P/E ratio of BASF 2024?

The BASF P/E ratio is 12.62.

What is the P/S ratio of BASF 2024?

The BASF P/S ratio is 0.58.

What is the AlleAktien quality score of BASF?

The AlleAktien quality score for BASF is 2/10.

What is the revenue of BASF 2024?

The expected BASF revenue is 68.75 B EUR.

How high is the profit of BASF 2024?

The expected BASF profit is 3.15 B EUR.

What does BASF do?

The BASF SE is one of the largest chemical companies in the world, based in Ludwigshafen, Germany. The company operates in various industries and offers a wide range of products. Its business model is based on innovation, research, and providing solutions that meet customer needs. One of BASF's key sectors is petrochemicals. The company produces a variety of products from fossil resources such as oil and gas, which serve as raw materials for many industries. This includes plastics, paints, adhesives, and fertilizers. Another important sector is chemicals. BASF produces chemical intermediates, catalysts, and specialty chemicals among other things. Some of its well-known products are chemical solvents like toluene and xylene, which are used in the paint and coatings industry. Agriculture is another significant segment. The agricultural division is the second largest area of BASF. Based on advanced research and development, the products are designed to increase agricultural productivity and reduce pesticide usage. This includes the brand BASF Crop Protection, which offers a wide portfolio of crop protection agents. In the materials sector, the company manufactures high-quality plastic and foam products used in a variety of applications. This includes insulation materials that contribute to energy savings, as well as packaging materials that meet the requirements of the food and pharmaceutical industries. Innovation and research are another important pillar of BASF's business model. The company invests several billion euros annually in the research and development of new materials and products. One recent innovation, for example, is the development of battery materials for electric vehicles. With its high level of innovation, BASF SE is able to offer customized solutions to its customers. As a global company, BASF SE is present in almost every country worldwide. This enables the provision of products and solutions tailored to local requirements. The company has a strong value chain that extends from production to delivery, service, and disposal. BASF SE aims to develop sustainable solutions and products to contribute to a sustainable future. The company adopts a holistic approach that considers environmental aspects, customer expectations, social responsibility, and economic sustainability. This is reflected in its corporate strategy, which is focused on achieving sustainability goals. Overall, BASF SE's business model is focused on long-term value creation. The company continuously invests in research and development and offers its customers customized solutions and products. The provision of sustainable and innovative solutions is also reflected in its corporate strategy and contributes to shaping a sustainable future.

What is the BASF dividend?

BASF pays a dividend of 3.4 EUR distributed over 1 payouts per year.

How often does BASF pay dividends?

BASF pays out a dividend 1 times a year.

What is the BASF ISIN?

The ISIN of BASF is DE000BASF111.

What is the BASF WKN?

The WKN of BASF is BASF11.

What is the BASF ticker?

The ticker of BASF is BAS.DE.

How much dividend does BASF pay?

Over the past 12 months, BASF paid a dividend of 3.4 EUR . This corresponds to a dividend yield of about 7.63 %. For the coming 12 months, BASF is expected to pay a dividend of 3.37 EUR.

What is the dividend yield of BASF?

The current dividend yield of BASF is 7.63 %.

When does BASF pay dividends?

BASF pays a quarterly dividend. This is distributed in the months of May, June, May, May.

How secure is the dividend of BASF?

BASF paid dividends every year for the past 26 years.

What is the dividend of BASF?

For the upcoming 12 months, dividends amounting to 3.37 EUR are expected. This corresponds to a dividend yield of 7.57 %.

In which sector is BASF located?

BASF is assigned to the 'Commodities' sector.

Wann musste ich die Aktien von BASF kaufen, um die vorherige Dividende zu erhalten?

To receive the latest dividend of BASF from 4/30/2024 amounting to 3.4 EUR, you needed to have the stock in your portfolio before the ex-date on 4/26/2024.

When did BASF pay the last dividend?

The last dividend was paid out on 4/30/2024.

What was the dividend of BASF in the year 2023?

In the year 2023, BASF distributed 3.4 EUR as dividends.

In which currency does BASF pay out the dividend?

The dividends of BASF are distributed in EUR.

Other fundamentals and analyses of BASF in the deep dive.

Our stock analysis for BASF Revenue stock includes important financial indicators such as revenue, profit, P/E ratio, P/S ratio, EBIT, as well as information on dividends. We also assess aspects such as stocks, market capitalization, debt, equity, and liabilities of BASF Revenue. If you are looking for more detailed information on these topics, we offer comprehensive analyses on our subpages.

1. Introduction to the World of Stocks

The Fascination of Stock Markets

The world of the stock markets is fascinating and dynamic, a world where billions of euros change hands every day. For investors, stocks offer a unique opportunity to participate in the growth and success of companies. The simplest realization, perhaps: A stock is nothing more than a share in a company. This could be an investment in the local bakery, a coffee chain like Starbucks, or a software giant like Microsoft. Owning stocks means owning companies. All great and small fortunes are made through company ownership.

Eulerpool is a global financial data provider with offices in St. Gallen (Switzerland), Singapore, and Munich.

At Eulerpool Research Systems, we understand this fascination with stocks like the BASF stock and offer private investors, asset managers, banks, and institutional investors access to comprehensive and reliable financial ratios, high-quality financial data, and intuitive analysis tools to make informed investment decisions.

What Are Stocks?

Shares represent stakes in a company, as is the case with the BASF share. When you buy a share, you become a co-owner of that company. Stock trading takes place on exchanges, an organized market where buyers and sellers meet. The price of a share is determined by supply and demand and reflects the economic performance and potential of the company.

Significance of Stocks in Asset Accumulation

Investing in stocks means directly participating in economic growth. Compared to other forms of investment, stocks often offer higher returns, but they also carry higher risks. With the right tools and analyses, such as those provided by Eulerpool, investors can minimize these risks and make informed decisions.

Our companies create incredible value every day. Through great products and services that we all love. Whether it's coffee, Starbucks, real estate, software, or entertainment. Every product we use comes from a company. By owning shares, we participate in these businesses.

The Role of Stock Metrics and Analysis

The key to success in wealth accumulation with stocks lies in the thorough analysis and understanding of the underlying metrics. This is where Eulerpool Research Systems comes into play: We provide access to over a million securities and ten million metrics, offering our users a comprehensive analysis foundation. Private investors at Eulerpool have access to professional metrics and analysis tools on par with institutional investors.

Long-term Perspectives and Strategies with Stocks, ETFs, Funds, and Crypto

Successful investing requires a long-term perspective. It's not about taking advantage of short-term market fluctuations, but about identifying companies with solid fundamentals and growth potential. Eulerpool supports investors in recognizing such companies and sustainably building their portfolios.

Stocks are an essential component of the modern financial world. By deepening their understanding of stock markets and utilizing quality data and analyses, investors can successfully increase their wealth. Eulerpool Research Systems is by your side as a reliable partner on this journey.

2. Fundamentals of Stocks and ETFs with a Focus on BASF

The Role of Stocks in the Financial Market

Stocks are fundamental building blocks of the financial market. A stock represents a share in a company, such as BASF. It gives the holder a piece of the company and, depending on the type of stock, voting rights at the general meeting. Investors buy stocks in the hope that the company will grow, which is reflected in rising stock prices and potential dividend payouts.

ETFs: An Introduction

Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) are investment funds that are traded on stock exchanges and replicate the composition of an index, such as the DAX or NASDAQ. They allow investors to invest in a broad portfolio of stocks like BASF without having to buy each stock individually. ETFs are popular for their low fees and ease of handling.

BASF in the world of stocks and ETFs

Companies like BASF are often important components in many stock portfolios and ETFs. The valuation of BASF therefore not only affects direct investors in the BASF stock, but also investors who have invested in ETFs containing BASF shares.

Dividends and BASF

A key element for stock investors is the dividend that companies like BASF distribute to their shareholders. The "dividend yield" of BASF can be an important factor in determining whether a stock represents an attractive investment.

Analysis and Valuation of Stocks

Stock analysis and valuation is a crucial step in determining the true value of companies such as BASF. This process involves analyzing various financial metrics and reports to gain a comprehensive picture of the financial health and potential of BASF.

Both individual stocks and ETFs play an important role in an investor’s portfolio. Investing in companies like BASF and understanding their role in ETFs are essential components for success in the world of finance. With the right tools and analyses, investors can make informed decisions about their investments in stocks and ETFs.

3. Stock Analysis: A Universal Guide

Fundamentals of Financial and Stock Analysis

Financial analysis is the backbone of every investment decision. Whether it involves stocks of technology companies, consumer goods manufacturers, or financial service providers, the analysis of financial metrics is crucial. It encompasses the evaluation of balance sheets, income statements, and cash flow statements.

Key Financial Ratios for Stocks

Core metrics include the price-to-earnings ratio (P/E), dividend yield, return on equity, and price-to-book ratio. The Eulerpool Fair Value is also becoming increasingly popular among professional investors. These metrics offer insights into the valuation, profitability, and financial health of a company.

Analysis of Corporate Performance

The analysis of company performance includes comparing historical data to identify trends in revenue, profit, and other key financial aspects. This analysis assists in forecasting future performance and assessing growth potential.

Eulerpool displays both historical data (up to 30 years of data history) on revenue, EBIT, profit, dividends, and many more, as well as professional forecasts for the coming 7 years.

Risk and Opportunity Assessment

The assessment of risks and opportunities is another important aspect of financial analysis. It encompasses the examination of market risks, credit risks, and operational risks, as well as the evaluation of opportunities arising from new market trends or technological innovations.

Long-Term Financial Outlook

The long-term financial perspective is particularly important for investors interested in sustainable growth and stable returns. This perspective takes into account long-term profitability, the ability to distribute dividends, and the potential for future growth.

A thorough stock analysis is crucial for the success of investments in stocks. Regardless of the industry or the specific company, a well-founded analysis allows investors to make informed decisions and achieve their investment goals.

4. Market and Industry Trends: Their Importance in Stock Analysis

Introduction to Market and Industry Trends

Market and industry trends play a crucial role in the valuation of stocks. Regardless of whether it involves companies from the technology, consumer goods, finance, or any other sector, knowledge of current and future trends is essential for investors.

Global Economic Trends

Analyzing global economic trends is fundamental to understanding the potential and risks of stock investments. These trends can be influenced by geopolitical changes, economic policies, technological advancements, and global events such as pandemics or economic crises.

Industry-Specific Developments

Every industry has its specific trends and challenges. Understanding these specific factors is crucial to assess a company's position within its industry and its potential compared to competitors.

Technological Innovations

Technological innovations can revolutionize entire industries and create new growth opportunities. A company's ability to adapt to and utilize technological changes is an important indicator of its future growth.

Sustainability and Social Responsibility

Sustainability and social responsibility are increasingly gaining importance. Companies that are leading in these areas may deliver better long-term performance, as they are better prepared for future regulatory changes and consumer preferences.

Market Dynamics and Competition

Analyzing market dynamics and competition is crucial to understand a company's strengths and weaknesses. This includes assessing market shares, competitive positioning, and strategic orientation.

Taking into account market and industry trends is an essential part of stock analysis. A deep understanding of these trends enables investors to make informed decisions and better assess the long-term prospects of an investment.

5. Investment Strategies: Diversification and Risk Management

Introduction to Investment Strategies Effective investment strategies are crucial for success in the stock market. Regardless of specific stocks or sectors, it is important to have a well-thought-out investment strategy that considers diversification and risk management.

Diversification: Key to Risk Management

Diversification is a fundamental strategy to minimize risk. It involves spreading investments across different asset classes, industries, and geographic regions to reduce the risk of market volatility and industry-specific downturns.

Long-Term vs. Short-Term Investment Strategies

Investors should distinguish between long-term and short-term investment strategies. Long-term strategies focus on holding stocks over extended periods to benefit from price increases and dividends. Short-term strategies, on the other hand, take advantage of current market trends and fluctuations.

Significance of Risk Tolerance

Individual risk tolerance plays a crucial role in choosing an investment strategy. It depends on various factors such as investment goals, time horizon, and personal comfort with volatility.

Fundamental Analysis and Technical Analysis

Both analysis methods are important for developing investment strategies. Fundamental analysis deals with the assessment of the intrinsic value of stocks, while technical analysis uses market movements and patterns to make trading decisions.

Portfolio Rebalancing

Regular rebalancing of the portfolio is important to maintain the desired risk profile. This includes adjusting the portfolio composition to ensure that it aligns with investment objectives and risk tolerance levels.

A well-thought-out investment strategy that considers diversification, risk tolerance, fundamental analysis, and technical analysis is essential for success in stock trading. Regular portfolio rebalancing helps manage risks and achieve investment goals.

6. Future Perspectives and Potentials in the Stock Market

Introduction to Future Market Trends The stock market is constantly subject to change, influenced by global economic trends, technological developments, and political decisions. Understanding this dynamic is essential for long-term oriented investors.

The Importance of Market Research and Forecasts

Market research and forecasts play a significant role in predicting future market trends. They help investors identify potential growth areas and industries with high potential.

The Influence of Technology and Innovation

Technological innovations are often drivers for market changes. New technologies can disrupt existing industries while simultaneously creating new investment opportunities. Investors should keep an eye on emerging technology trends and their potential impacts on various sectors.

Sustainability and ESG Investments

Sustainability and ESG criteria (Environmental, Social, Governance) are becoming increasingly important for investment decisions. Companies that are leading in these areas could demonstrate greater growth potential in the coming years.

Global Economic Changes

Global economic changes, such as demographic shifts, geopolitical movements, and economic policy decisions, influence stock markets worldwide. Understanding these factors is crucial for developing a robust investment strategy.

Risk Management and Future Vision

Effective risk management remains an important aspect for future investments. Investors should have a balanced vision that considers both potential risks and opportunities.

Taking into account future market trends and global economic changes is crucial for long-term success in the stock market. Investors should proactively monitor technology trends, sustainability, and geopolitical shifts to identify future investment opportunities and adjust their portfolio accordingly.

7. Case Studies: Successful Investment Strategies in the Stock Market

Introduction to Case Studies Analyzing case studies of successful investments offers valuable insights into effective strategies and decision-making processes in the stock market. These case studies can cover a wide range of industries and market conditions, making them relevant for investors of all types.

Analysis of Success Stories

By studying examples where investors have made significant gains, important lessons can be learned about market analysis, timing, and risk management. These stories offer not only inspiration but also practical lessons that can be directly applied to one's own investment strategies.

Understanding Errors and Failures

Equally instructive are case studies that deal with mistakes and failures. These examples help to identify common pitfalls in the stock market and understand how to avoid them in the future.

Diversification and Portfolio Strategy

Some case studies demonstrate how diversification and a well-thought-out portfolio strategy can lead to success. They underline the importance of risk distribution and the selection of stocks from different industries and regions.

Long-Term vs. Short-Term Strategies

Case studies provide insights into the differences between long-term and short-term investment strategies. They illustrate how different approaches can work in various market environments.

Adjustment to Market Changes

Another important aspect highlighted by case studies is the ability to adapt strategies to changing market conditions. Flexibility and adaptability are crucial factors for long-term success.

Case studies are an indispensable tool for learning and developing as an investor. They offer practical insights into successful strategies and help avoid mistakes. The analysis of case studies helps investors make informed and reflective investment decisions.

8. Practical Tips for Buying Stocks

Introduction to Stock Purchasing Purchasing stocks can be a rewarding decision for investors of all levels of experience. This chapter provides practical tips that will help you make smart and informed investment decisions.

Choosing the Right Broker

An important step in buying stocks is selecting a suitable broker. Key criteria for this are fee structures, user-friendliness of the platform, customer service, and the availability of research and analysis tools.

Understanding Market Mechanisms

Before you invest in stocks, it's important to understand the basics of the stock market, including how exchanges operate, buy and sell orders, and the significance of market capitalization and liquidity.

Conducting a thorough analysis

A careful analysis of the companies you wish to invest in is essential. This includes the evaluation of financial reports, analysis of industry trends, and consideration of corporate news and events.

Portfolio Diversification

Diversifying your portfolio across various industries and regions is a proven approach to minimizing risks and achieving stable returns in the long term.

Establishment of an Investment Strategy

Define your investment goals and risk tolerance and develop an investment strategy that suits your profile. Decide whether you want to pursue a long-term buy-and-hold strategy or a more active trading strategy.

Long-Term Perspective

Consider stock investments with a long-term perspective. Market fluctuations are normal, and taking a long-term view can help you avoid hasty decisions.

Continuous Education and Information

Stay informed about market and economic news, and continuously engage with the latest developments in the stock market. Education is a key aspect to succeed in stock trading.

Purchasing stocks requires careful consideration and a well-founded strategy. By selecting the right broker, thorough analysis, diversification, and a long-term perspective, you can maximize your chances of successful investments.

9. Summary and Outlook: The Path Forward in the Stock Market

Review of Key Points In this guide, we have covered various aspects of stock investing, from the basics of stocks and ETFs to financial analysis, market and industry trends, and practical tips for buying stocks. Each chapter aimed to provide investors with the necessary knowledge and tools to make informed decisions.

The Importance of Continuous Education

One of the most important insights is that the world of stock markets is dynamic and constantly changing. Therefore, continuous education and adjustment of investment strategies are crucial. Investors should always stay informed and regularly refresh their knowledge.

Adjustment to Market Changes

The ability to adapt to market changes is crucial for long-term success. Investors should remain flexible, recognize trends, and be willing to adjust their strategies accordingly.

Long-Term Perspectives

While short-term market volatility can pose a challenge, it is important to maintain a long-term perspective. Long-term investments have often proved to be an effective way to benefit from the market's growth potential.

Keep an Eye on Future Developments

Technological developments, global economic trends, and changes in corporate governance will continue to be important factors that influence the stock market. Investors should keep an eye on such developments and adjust their portfolios accordingly.

Final Thoughts

Investing in stocks offers many opportunities, but also requires diligence, research, and a thoughtful strategy. With the right tools, knowledge, and a proactive attitude, investors can fully leverage the potential of the stock market.


The future of the stock market is full of opportunities. With sound strategies and an enlightened approach, investors can benefit from the chances the market offers.

10. Investment Psychology and Investor Behavior

Introduction to Investment Psychology Investment psychology is a critical, often overlooked aspect of the financial world. It examines how psychological factors influence the behavior of investors and, ultimately, the stock markets themselves.

Emotional Factors in the Investment Process

Investors are not purely rational actors and are often influenced by emotions such as greed and fear. These emotional responses can lead to irrational decisions, such as selling stocks in panic phases or excessive investments during boom phases.

Cognitive Biases and Their Effects

Cognitive biases such as confirmation bias (the tendency to search only for information that confirms one's own beliefs) and overconfidence (excessive self-confidence) can lead to flawed investment decisions. These biases can cause investors to underestimate risks and overvalue opportunities.

Herd Behavior in the Stock Market

Herd behavior refers to the phenomenon where investors tend to follow the crowd or market trends rather than trusting their own analysis and judgment. This can lead to market bubbles or exaggerated market corrections.

Strategies for Overcoming Emotional Decisions

Disciplined Investment Strategy: Develop a clear investment strategy and adhere to it to minimize emotional reactions. Diversification: Spread your investments across various asset classes to mitigate risk and reduce emotional reactions to market fluctuations. Long-Term Perspective: Focus on long-term objectives to withstand short-term market volatility. Importance of Education and Self-Reflection Education and awareness of one's biases and emotional tendencies are crucial. Regular self-reflection and studying investment psychology can help avoid typical pitfalls.

Investment psychology is an essential component of successful investment strategies. By understanding and considering psychological aspects, investors can make more disciplined, rational, and ultimately more successful investment decisions.

11. Technical Analysis in Detail

Introduction to Technical Analysis Technical analysis is a method for predicting future stock price movements based on the examination of past market data, primarily price and volume. It is founded on the assumption that market trends repeat themselves and that historical price movements are significant indicators of future activity.

Basic Principles of Technical Analysis

  • Market TrendsThe idea that markets follow trends that can be identified over various periods of time.
  • History repeats itselfThe assumption that market behavior and patterns will repeat over time.
  • Prices reflect everythingThe belief that all current market prices reflect all available information. Chart patterns and what they mean.
  • Head and shoulders patternA reversible pattern that typically occurs at the end of an uptrend.
  • Double Top and Double BottomPatterns that indicate peaks or valleys in the price history and often signal a trend reversal.
  • Triangles and FlagsContinuation patterns indicating a continuation of the current trend. Technical indicators and their application.
  • Moving Averages (gleitende Durchschnitte)Smoothing of price fluctuations over a specific period.
  • Relative Strength Index (RSI)A momentum indicator that signals overbought or oversold conditions.
  • MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence)A trend-following momentum indicator. Volume Analysis: Trading volume plays a crucial role in technical analysis, as it can provide additional insight into the strength of an existing trend.

Candlestick Analysis

Candlestick charts provide detailed information about market sentiment and can help identify turning points in the market.

Risks and Limitations of Technical Analysis

While technical analysis can provide valuable insights, it is not without faults. Incorrect signals and self-fulfilling predictions are potential risks.

Technical analysis is a powerful tool in the arsenal of any investor. It provides insights into market trends and sentiments which, when interpreted correctly, can lead to informed trading decisions. However, it should always be used in combination with other forms of analysis and within the context of the overall market.

12. Fundamental Analysis in Detail

Introduction to Fundamental Analysis Fundamental analysis is a method of evaluating the intrinsic value of a stock, based on economic, financial, and other qualitative and quantitative factors. It aims to understand the underlying health and performance of a company.

Core Aspects of Fundamental Analysis

  • Financial ReportsAnalysis of balance sheets, income statements, and cash flow statements to assess the financial health of a company.
  • Industry AnalysisExamination of industry dynamics, market size, growth potential, and competitive landscape.
  • Corporate GovernanceAssessment of Management Quality and Corporate Governance. Evaluation Metrics.
  • Price-Earnings Ratio (P/E)Measures the price of a stock in relation to its earnings.
  • Price-Book Value Ratio (P/B Ratio)Compares the market value with the book value of a company.
  • Dividend YieldThe percentage of the company's profit that is distributed as a dividend to shareholders.

Analysis of Earning Power

The ability of a company to generate and increase profits is a central aspect of fundamental analysis. This includes evaluating revenue growth rates, profit margins, and cash flow generation.

Long-Term Perspectives and Sustainability

Fundamental analysis also includes the assessment of a company's long-term prospects and its ability to generate sustainable growth.

Macroeconomic Factors

Consideration of macroeconomic factors such as interest rates, inflation rates, and economic cycles that can affect the overall economy and specific industries.

Risks and Limitations of Fundamental Analysis

Fundamental analysis can be time-consuming and may not take into account short-term market fluctuations. Additionally, data interpretation can be subjective.

Fundamental analysis is an essential tool for long-term oriented investors. It helps to determine the true value of a stock and make informed investment decisions based on the financial and economic performance of a company.

13. Macroeconomic Factors and the Stock Market

Introduction to Macroeconomic Factors Macroeconomic factors play a crucial role in shaping global financial markets. This chapter examines how economic policy, interest rates, inflation, and other macroeconomic indicators influence the stock market.

The world of finance is complex and multifaceted, and one of the key factors that both new and experienced investors should always keep an eye on are the macroeconomic factors. These global economic indicators often have a profound impact on the stock markets. In this blog post, we illuminate how central banks, economic growth, inflation, and global trade dynamics shape the stock markets.

The Role of Central Banks

Monetary policy decisions by central banks, such as setting interest rates, have immediate effects on the stock markets. Low interest rates can boost the stock markets as they create more favorable credit conditions for companies and consumers, thereby promoting economic growth. On the other hand, rising interest rates can put pressure on the markets as they increase borrowing costs and can slow down growth.

Economic Growth and Labor Market

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is an important indicator of overall economic health. Strong economic growth often signals good conditions for stock investments, as it usually comes with higher corporate profits and stronger consumer demand. Similarly, robust labor market conditions, reflected in low unemployment rates and strong wage growth, are typically positive for the stock markets.

Inflation – A Double-Edged Sword

Inflation can erode purchasing power, but it can also be a sign of a growing economy. Moderate inflation is often seen as healthy, but high inflation can lead to uncertainty and prompt central banks to raise interest rates, which can negatively affect the stock markets.

Global Trading Dynamics

International trade relations and conflicts, such as tariffs and trade wars, can have significant impacts on stock markets. Companies heavily involved in international trade can be particularly vulnerable to such geopolitical tensions.


Macroeconomic factors provide important insights into the general market direction and should be carefully observed by every investor. A comprehensive understanding of these factors allows investors to make informed decisions and adjust their portfolios accordingly to safeguard against potential risks and capitalize on opportunities.

Macroeconomic factors are an integral part of the analysis of stock markets. A comprehensive understanding of these factors enables investors to make better decisions by considering the broader economic conditions that can influence market performance.

14. Investing in Different Market Phases

Introduction to Market Cycles

The stock market goes through various phases influenced by different economic, political, and psychological factors. This chapter examines strategies for investing in different market phases: bull markets, bear markets, and correction periods.

The stock market is known for its cycles of ups and downs. For investors, understanding these market phases—bull markets, bear markets, and correction phases—can be the key to success. In this post, we examine effective strategies for each of these market phases.

Bull Market Strategies

CharacteristicsA bull market is characterized by rising stock prices, a strong economy, and positive investor sentiment.

Investment StrategiesIn a bull market, investors should focus their portfolio on growth stocks. Companies with high potential and innovative business models can particularly benefit in this phase.

Risk ManagementEven when sentiment is positive, investors should keep a potential overvaluation in mind and diversify to minimize risks.

Bear Market Strategies

FeaturesBear markets are characterized by falling prices and a pessimistic mood among investors.

Investment StrategiesThis is the time to look for undervalued, high-quality stocks. Defensive stocks that generate stable returns can be a safe investment in bear markets.

Long-term PerspectiveBear markets can be frightening, but they also offer buying opportunities for long-term oriented investors.

Strategies for Market Volatility and Corrections

Dealing with FluctuationsMarket volatility can offer short-term buying and selling opportunities, but requires good timing and an understanding of market trends.

Opportunities in CorrectionsA market correction phase in which prices fall by 10% or more can be an opportunity to acquire high-quality stocks at lower prices.

Psychological AspectsInvesting is not just a matter of numbers, but also of psychology. Discipline and avoiding emotional decisions are essential in all market phases.

Whether in a bull or bear market, the key principle is to stay informed and adapt to changing conditions. By understanding the different market phases and applying appropriate strategies, investors can maximize their success regardless of the prevailing market conditions.

Every market phase presents unique challenges and opportunities. By understanding the characteristics of each phase and applying appropriate strategies, investors can improve their chances of success across different market cycles.

15. Taxation Aspects of Stock Trading

Introduction to Tax Aspects

Trading stocks not only affects the return but also the investor's tax burden. This chapter covers basic tax aspects to consider when buying and selling stocks.

Investing in stocks can be a rewarding way to grow your wealth. But are you also considering the tax implications of your investment decisions? In this blog post, we take a detailed look at the tax aspects of stock trading and offer valuable tips on how to minimize your tax burden.

1. Understanding the Taxation of Capital Gains

Whether you receive dividends or sell shares at a profit, your capital gains are taxable. It's important to understand how these incomes are taxed in your country and what allowances you may be eligible for.

2. The Art of Loss Offset

Not every stock trade ends profitably. However, the tax office allows you to offset losses against gains. Learn about the loss offsetting rules and how you can carry forward losses to reduce your future tax burden.

3. Utilize Allowances and Tax Exemptions

In many countries, there are tax allowances for capital gains. Inform yourself about your local laws to ensure that you are making use of all available tax benefits.

4. International Taxation – Avoiding Double Taxation

Are you investing in foreign stocks? Then you should familiarize yourself with withholding tax and the rules for avoiding double taxation. Double taxation agreements between countries can play a role in this.

5. Tax Planning is Crucial

Long-term tax planning can help you optimize your tax burden. Consider the holding periods of stocks and plan your sales strategically.

Tax planning is an integral part of successful stock trading. By having a basic understanding of the tax aspects, you can ensure that you do not pay more taxes than necessary and maximize your returns. Remember to consult a tax advisor or financial expert if needed to get individual advice for your specific situation.

Considering tax aspects is an important part of stock trading. Effective tax planning can significantly impact the net return of stock investments. Investors should be aware of the tax implications of their investment decisions and seek professional advice if necessary.

16. Ethical and Sustainable Investing

Ethical investing, often also referred to as socially responsible investing (SRI) or sustainable investing, focuses on generating financial returns while concurrently promoting positive social and environmental impacts.

In a time when sustainability and social responsibility are becoming increasingly focused on, ethical investing is also gaining in importance. Ethical investing, often referred to as socially responsible investing (SRI) or ESG investing (Environmental, Social, Governance), enables investors to not only achieve financial returns but also promote positive changes in society and the environment.

What is Ethical Investing?

Ethical investing is the practice of investing capital in companies and funds that have positive social and environmental impacts. This approach takes into account ethical, social, and ecological criteria in selecting investments to ensure that the invested money aligns with the investor’s personal values.

The Three Pillars of ESG Investing

Environment (Environmental)

Investments in companies that promote environmentally friendly practices, such as renewable energy and sustainable resource use.


Supporting companies that provide fair working conditions and actively contribute to the community.

Corporate Governance

Focus on companies with ethical leadership practices, including transparency and accountability. Why Invest Ethically?

Ethical investing offers not only the opportunity to invest in one's own financial future but also to contribute to a more sustainable and just world. It allows investors to support companies that have a positive social and environmental impact, while simultaneously avoiding firms that contradict their values.

Challenges and Opportunities

Although ethical investing offers many advantages, there are also challenges. These include assessing ESG criteria and determining the real social and ecological impact of investments. Nevertheless, this approach presents opportunities for long-term growth and the chance to be part of a larger movement for positive change.

Ethical investing is more than just an investment strategy; it's an expression of personal values and beliefs. In a world where we are increasingly seeking ways to effect positive change, it offers a powerful means to deploy our capital for good.

17. The Influence of Central Banks and Monetary Policy on the Stock Market

In the world of finance, central banks play a leading role. Their monetary policy decisions have far-reaching effects, not only on the economy in general but also specifically on the stock markets. In this blog post, we illuminate how the actions of central banks, especially the setting of key interest rates and quantitative easing, can influence the stock markets.

Central Banks as Market Regulators

Central banks, such as the European Central Bank (ECB) or the US Federal Reserve (Fed), are tasked with stabilizing the economy. By adjusting key interest rates and open market operations, they control the money supply and thus influence inflation and economic growth.

Interest Rates and Their Impact on Stocks

One of the most powerful tools of central banks is the key interest rates. Low interest rates reduce the cost of loans, which benefits companies and consumers. This can lead to increased corporate profits and thus raise stock prices. Conversely, high interest rates can increase borrowing costs, which can negatively affect corporate profits and thereby stock prices.

Quantitative Easing – A Double-Edged Sword

Quantitative easing (QE) is another measure employed during times of economic distress. By purchasing securities, the central bank increases the money supply and thereby stimulates economic activity. This can lead to a higher valuation of stocks as investors seek out higher-yielding investments. However, this policy carries the risk of inflation and market distortions.

The Role of Expectations

Not only the actual measures of central banks play a significant role, but the expectations of investors are also important. Announcements and forecasts can lead to immediate market reactions, even if the measures themselves are implemented later.

Globally interconnected financial markets

In our globalized world, the actions of a major central bank cannot be considered in isolation. Coordinated or countervailing monetary policies in different countries can have complex effects on international stock markets.

Central bank monetary policy is a key factor in the stock market. Investors should always keep an eye on the decisions and announcements of central banks to adjust their investment strategies accordingly. A solid understanding of monetary policy can help to better understand the dynamics of the stock markets and make smart investment decisions.

Appendix: Eulerpool Glossary and Additional Resources

Glossary of Key Terms

Throughout this guide, numerous technical terms have been used. Below you will find a glossary of the most important terms to enhance your to deepen understanding:

  • ShareA financial instrument that represents ownership interests in a company.
  • ETF (Exchange-Traded Fund)An exchange-traded fund that replicates the composition of an index.
  • P/E Ratio (Price-Earnings Ratio)A metric that represents the share price of a company in relation to its earnings per share.
  • Dividend YieldThe percentage that indicates the ratio of the dividend to the current share price.
  • Market CapitalizationThe total value of a company's outstanding shares.
  • LiquidityThe ability of an asset to be quickly converted into cash without a significant loss in value.
  • Risk toleranceThe degree of uncertainty in investment performance that an investor is willing to accept.

Further Resources

For those who want to further deepen their knowledge, here are some recommended resources listed:

  • Financial news websitesWebsites such as Bloomberg, Reuters, and Financial Times provide current information and analysis.
  • Educational ResourcesOnline platforms such as Investopedia, Khan Academy, and Coursera offer courses and materials for financial education.
  • Specialist booksThere are a multitude of books on stock investing, ranging from beginner's guides to advanced manuals.
  • Podcasts and WebinarsMany experts and market observers share their knowledge in podcasts and webinars, which offer a convenient way to stay up-to-date.

Closing Remarks

This appendix serves as a useful reference and starting point for further studies. The world of stock investments is extensive and constantly changing, thus it is important to continuously educate oneself and stay informed.