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L'Oreal - Stock

L'Oreal Stock



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L'Oreal Revenue, EBIT, Net Income

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Net Income

Revenue, EBIT and Profit

Understanding Revenue, EBIT, and Income

Gain insights into L'Oreal, a comprehensive overview of its financial performance can be obtained by analyzing the Revenue, EBIT, and Income chart. Revenue represents the total income generated by L'Oreal from its primary operations, showcasing the company’s ability to attract and retain clients. EBIT, or Earnings Before Interest and Taxes, indicates the company’s operational profitability, free from the influence of tax and interest expenses. The Income section reflects L'Oreal’s net earnings, an ultimate measure of its financial health and profitability.

Yearly Analysis and Comparisons

Observe the yearly bars to understand the annual performance and growth of L'Oreal. Compare the Revenue, EBIT, and Income to evaluate the company’s efficiency and profitability. A higher EBIT compared to the previous year suggests an improvement in operational efficiency. Likewise, an increase in Income indicates enhanced overall profitability. Analyzing the year-to-year comparison assists investors in understanding the company’s growth trajectory and operational efficiency.

Utilizing Expectations for Investment

The expected values for the forthcoming years offer investors a glimpse into L'Oreal’s anticipated financial performance. Analyzing these projections alongside historical data aids in making informed investment decisions. Investors can gauge the potential risks and returns, aligning their investment strategies accordingly to optimize profitability and mitigate risks.

Investment Insights

Leveraging the comparison between Revenue and EBIT helps in assessing L'Oreal’s operational efficiency, while the Revenue and Income comparison reveals the net profitability after accounting for all expenses. Investors can derive valuable insights by meticulously analyzing these financial parameters, laying the foundation for strategic investment decisions aimed at capitalizing on L'Oreal’s growth potential.

L'Oreal Revenue, Profit, and EBIT History

DateL'Oreal RevenueL'Oreal EBITL'Oreal Net Income
2029e65.28 B undefined0 undefined11.32 B undefined
2028e59.28 B undefined12.58 B undefined9.95 B undefined
2027e56.27 B undefined11.78 B undefined9.36 B undefined
2026e52.12 B undefined10.64 B undefined8.46 B undefined
2025e48.82 B undefined9.84 B undefined7.77 B undefined
2024e45.63 B undefined9.08 B undefined7.14 B undefined
202341.18 B undefined7.69 B undefined6.18 B undefined
202238.26 B undefined7.55 B undefined5.71 B undefined
202132.29 B undefined6.18 B undefined4.6 B undefined
202027.99 B undefined5.21 B undefined3.56 B undefined
201929.87 B undefined5.55 B undefined3.75 B undefined
201826.94 B undefined4.92 B undefined3.9 B undefined
201726.02 B undefined4.68 B undefined3.58 B undefined
201624.92 B undefined4.51 B undefined3.11 B undefined
201524.29 B undefined4.33 B undefined3.3 B undefined
201422.53 B undefined3.89 B undefined4.91 B undefined
201322.12 B undefined3.76 B undefined2.96 B undefined
201222.46 B undefined3.7 B undefined2.87 B undefined
201120.34 B undefined3.29 B undefined2.44 B undefined
201019.5 B undefined3.06 B undefined2.24 B undefined
200917.47 B undefined2.58 B undefined1.79 B undefined
200817.54 B undefined2.72 B undefined1.95 B undefined
200717.06 B undefined2.82 B undefined2.66 B undefined
200615.79 B undefined2.6 B undefined2.06 B undefined
200514.53 B undefined2.31 B undefined1.97 B undefined
200413.64 B undefined4.91 B undefined3.97 B undefined

L'Oreal Stock Ratios

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  • Income Statement

  • Balance Sheet

  • Cashflow

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Revenue and Growth

The L'Oreal Revenue and Revenue Growth are pivotal to understanding the company's financial health and operational efficiency. A consistent increase in revenue indicates a company’s ability to effectively market and sell its products or services, while the revenue growth percentage offers insights into the pace at which the company is expanding over the years.

Gross Margin

The Gross Margin is a crucial metric that showcases the percentage of revenue exceeding the cost of goods sold (COGS). A higher gross margin is indicative of a company’s efficiency in controlling its production costs, thereby promising potential profitability and financial stability.

EBIT and EBIT Margin

EBIT (Earnings Before Interest and Taxes) and EBIT Margin offer deep insights into a company’s profitability, excluding the impacts of interest and taxes. Investors often assess these metrics to gauge the operational efficiency and inherent profitability of a business, separate from its financial structure and tax environment.

Income and Growth

Net Income and its subsequent growth are quintessential for investors looking to understand a company’s profitability. Consistent income growth underscores a company’s ability to enhance its profitability over time, reflecting operational efficiency, strategic competitiveness, and financial health.

Shares Outstanding

Shares outstanding refer to the total number of shares a company has issued. It's instrumental in calculating key metrics like Earnings Per Share (EPS) which is pivotal for investors to evaluate a company’s profitability on a per-share basis, offering a more granular view of financial health and valuation.

Interpreting Year to Year Comparison

Comparing yearly data allows investors to identify trends, assess the company’s growth, and anticipate potential future performance. Analyzing how metrics like revenue, income, and margins change year over year can provide valuable insights into the company’s operational efficiency, competitiveness, and overall financial health.

Expectations and Predictions

Investors often juxtapose the current and past financial data with the market’s expectations. This comparison aids in assessing whether the L'Oreal is performing as anticipated, underperforming or outperforming the market predictions, providing pivotal data for investment decisions.


Balance Sheet

Understanding the Balance Sheet

The balance sheet of L'Oreal provides a detailed financial snapshot, revealing the company's assets, liabilities, and equity at a specific point in time. Analyzing these components is crucial for investors looking to understand L'Oreal's financial health and stability.


L'Oreal's assets represent everything the company owns or controls that has monetary value. These are categorized into current and non-current assets, offering insights into the company's liquidity and long-term investments.


Liabilities are obligations that L'Oreal must settle in the future. Analyzing the ratio of liabilities to assets provides insights into the company's financial leverage and risk exposure.


Equity refers to the residual interest in the assets of L'Oreal after deducting liabilities. It represents the owners’ claim on the company’s assets and earnings.

Year-to-Year Analysis

Comparing balance sheet figures year-to-year allows investors to identify trends, growth patterns, and potential financial risks, facilitating informed investment decisions.

Interpreting the Data

Detailed analysis of assets, liabilities, and equity can provide investors with comprehensive insights into L'Oreal's financial standing, aiding in investment evaluations and risk assessments.


L'Oreal stock margins

The L'Oreal margin analysis displays the gross margin, EBIT margin, as well as the profit margin of L'Oreal. The EBIT margin (EBIT/sales) indicates the percentage of sales that remains as operating profit. The profit margin shows the percentage of sales that remains for L'Oreal.
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Gross margin
EBIT margin
Profit margin


Understanding Gross Margin

The gross margin, expressed as a percentage, delineates the gross profit made from the L'Oreal's sales revenue. A higher gross margin percentage indicates that the L'Oreal retains more revenue after accounting for the costs of goods sold. Investors use this metric to gauge financial health and operational efficiency, as well as to compare it with competitors and industry averages.

EBIT Margin Analysis

EBIT margin represents the L'Oreal's earnings before interest and taxes. Analyzing the EBIT margin over different years provides insights into the operational profitability and efficiency, excluding the effects of financial leverage and tax structure. A growing EBIT margin over the years signifies improving operational performance.

Revenue Margin Insights

The revenue margin demonstrates the L'Oreal's total revenue generated. When comparing the revenue margin year over year, investors can gauge the L'Oreal's growth and market expansion. It is essential to compare the revenue margin with the gross and EBIT margins to understand the cost and profit structures better.

Interpreting Expectations

The expected values for gross, EBIT, and revenue margins provide future financial outlook of the L'Oreal. Investors should compare these expectations with historical data to understand potential growth and risk factors. It is crucial to consider the underlying assumptions and methodologies used in projecting these expected values to make informed investment decisions.

Comparative Analysis

Comparing the gross, EBIT, and revenue margins, both yearly and over multiple years, enables investors to perform a comprehensive analysis of the L'Oreal's financial health and growth prospects. Evaluating the trends and patterns in these margins helps in identifying strengths, weaknesses, and potential investment opportunities.

L'Oreal Margin History

L'Oreal Gross marginL'Oreal Profit marginL'Oreal EBIT marginL'Oreal Profit margin
2029e73.86 %0 %17.35 %
2028e73.86 %21.21 %16.79 %
2027e73.86 %20.93 %16.63 %
2026e73.86 %20.42 %16.24 %
2025e73.86 %20.16 %15.91 %
2024e73.86 %19.91 %15.66 %
202373.86 %18.68 %15.02 %
202272.35 %19.73 %14.92 %
202173.88 %19.13 %14.24 %
202073.09 %18.61 %12.73 %
201973 %18.57 %12.55 %
201872.78 %18.27 %14.46 %
201771.72 %17.97 %13.76 %
201671.63 %18.08 %12.46 %
201571.21 %17.84 %13.58 %
201471.15 %17.27 %21.79 %
201371.17 %17 %13.37 %
201270.67 %16.46 %12.77 %
201171.24 %16.19 %11.99 %
201070.78 %15.68 %11.49 %
200970.46 %14.75 %10.26 %
200870.43 %15.53 %11.11 %
200771.04 %16.51 %15.57 %
200671.06 %16.44 %13.05 %
200570.09 %15.91 %13.57 %
200469.94 %35.97 %29.1 %

L'Oreal Stock Sales Revenue, EBIT, Earnings per Share

The L'Oreal earnings per share therefore indicates how much revenue L'Oreal has generated per share in a given period. The earnings before interest and taxes per share shows how much of the operating profit corresponds to each share. The earnings per share indicates how much of the profit belongs to each share.
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Sales per Share
EBIT per share
Earnings per Share

Revenue, EBIT and Earnings per share

Revenue Per Share

Revenue per share represents the total revenue L'Oreal earns, divided by the number of outstanding shares. It is a crucial metric as it reflects the company's ability to generate sales and signifies growth and expansion potential. Comparing yearly revenue per share allows investors to analyze the consistency in a company’s earnings and predict future trends.

EBIT Per Share

EBIT per share indicates L'Oreal's earning before interest and taxes, offering insights into operational profitability excluding the effects of capital structure and tax rates. It can be juxtaposed against revenue per share to gauge the efficiency in converting sales into profits. A consistent increase in EBIT per share over the years underscores operational efficiency and profitability.

Income Per Share

Income per share, or earnings per share (EPS), reveals the portion of L'Oreal’s profit allocated to each share of common stock. It’s instrumental in evaluating the profitability and financial health. By comparing it with revenue and EBIT per share, investors discern how effectively a firm translates sales and operational profits into net income.

Expected Values

Expected values are projections of revenue, EBIT, and income per share for forthcoming years. These anticipations, rooted in historical data and market analysis, aid investors in strategizing their investments, evaluating L'Oreal's prospective performance, and estimating future stock prices. However, it’s pivotal to consider market volatilities and uncertainties that can influence these projections.

L'Oreal Revenue, Profit, and EBIT per Share History

DateL'Oreal Sales per ShareL'Oreal EBIT per shareL'Oreal Earnings per Share
2029e122.09 undefined0 undefined21.18 undefined
2028e110.87 undefined0 undefined18.62 undefined
2027e105.24 undefined0 undefined17.5 undefined
2026e97.47 undefined0 undefined15.83 undefined
2025e91.29 undefined0 undefined14.53 undefined
2024e85.34 undefined0 undefined13.36 undefined
202376.6 undefined14.31 undefined11.5 undefined
202271.16 undefined14.04 undefined10.61 undefined
202157.68 undefined11.03 undefined8.21 undefined
202049.84 undefined9.27 undefined6.34 undefined
201953.08 undefined9.86 undefined6.66 undefined
201847.84 undefined8.74 undefined6.92 undefined
201746.18 undefined8.3 undefined6.36 undefined
201644.14 undefined7.98 undefined5.5 undefined
201543 undefined7.67 undefined5.84 undefined
201438.5 undefined6.65 undefined8.39 undefined
201336.39 undefined6.18 undefined4.87 undefined
201237.11 undefined6.11 undefined4.74 undefined
201134.04 undefined5.51 undefined4.08 undefined
201032.99 undefined5.17 undefined3.79 undefined
200929.92 undefined4.41 undefined3.07 undefined
200829.69 undefined4.61 undefined3.3 undefined
200728.16 undefined4.65 undefined4.38 undefined
200625.64 undefined4.22 undefined3.35 undefined
200523.03 undefined3.67 undefined3.13 undefined
200421 undefined7.55 undefined6.11 undefined

L'Oreal stock analysis

L'Oreal SA is a French cosmetics company that operates worldwide. It was founded in 1909 by Eugène Schueller. The name L'Oreal is an abbreviation for "Laboratoires de recherches cosmétiques". L'Oreal's business model is based on the manufacturing, distribution, and marketing of cosmetic products. The company operates in various levels, such as research and development, production, marketing, and distribution of skincare, hair care, makeup, and perfume products. The different divisions of L'Oreal include: luxury products, mass-market products, active cosmetics, and professional products. Each of these divisions has its own target audience and products. Luxury products are high-priced products targeting an upscale audience, while mass-market products have lower prices and a broader target audience. The active cosmetics division offers products for specific skin problems or needs, such as sun protection, anti-aging products, or products for sensitive skin. The professional products division is intended for hairdressers and beauty salons, offering products for hair care, styling, and coloring. L'Oreal is known for its numerous brands, such as Lancôme, L'Oreal Paris, Maybelline New York, Garnier, Redken, Matrix, and many more. Each of these brands has its own products and target audiences. L'Oreal also has several licensing and partnership agreements, such as with Armani, Ralph Lauren, and Yves Saint Laurent. The main product of L'Oreal is skincare. The company is one of the world's largest manufacturers of skincare products. L'Oreal is known for its anti-aging products and has also increasingly launched products for sensitive and problematic skin in recent years. Another important product segment is hair care, represented by brands like L'Oreal Professionnel, Redken, and Kérastase. L'Oreal places great emphasis on research and development. The company operates numerous research laboratories worldwide and has made significant investments in research in recent years. L'Oreal works closely with scientists and dermatologists and aims to bring innovative and effective products to the market. L'Oreal is also a company that is committed to sustainability and social responsibility. The company has launched a range of initiatives to minimize its impact on the environment and improve its ethical standards. L'Oreal aims to be carbon neutral by 2030 and climate neutral by 2050. Overall, L'Oreal is a company distinguished by its wide range of products, well-known brands, and research and development work. The company is able to meet the different needs and desires of its customers and offers products for all price ranges and target audiences. L'Oreal is also a company that is committed to sustainability and social responsibility, making it an attractive choice for customers interested in these issues. L'Oreal is one of the most popular companies on Eulerpool.com.

L'Oreal SWOT Analysis


L'Oreal SA, a leading beauty and cosmetics company, possesses several strengths that contribute to its success in the market. These strengths include:

  • Strong brand portfolio: L'Oreal SA owns a wide range of well-known and respected brands, allowing it to capture various market segments and cater to diverse consumer preferences.
  • Extensive global presence: With operations in over 150 countries, L'Oreal SA benefits from a vast international footprint, enabling it to tap into different markets and reach a diverse customer base.
  • Ongoing innovation: L'Oreal SA invests heavily in research and development to continuously develop new products and stay ahead of industry trends, ensuring a competitive edge.
  • Strong distribution network: The company's well-established distribution channels and partnerships facilitate efficient product delivery and availability across multiple retail channels.


Despite its strengths, L'Oreal SA also faces several weaknesses that pose challenges to its business. These weaknesses include:

  • Reliance on a limited target market: L'Oreal SA's products primarily target the mid-to-high-end consumer segment, potentially missing out on untapped market segments and limiting further growth.
  • Response to ethical concerns: The company has faced criticism and campaigns related to animal testing and use of potentially harmful ingredients, which may negatively impact its reputation and consumer perception.
  • Integration of acquisitions: L'Oreal SA has acquired numerous companies, and successfully integrating them into the overall business can be a complex process, with potential risks of disrupting operations.


L'Oreal SA has several opportunities to capitalize on in the market. These opportunities include:

  • Rising demand for natural and organic products: L'Oreal SA can tap into the growing consumer preference for natural and sustainable beauty products by expanding its offerings in this segment.
  • Increasing online sales: The company can leverage the growing e-commerce trend by enhancing its online presence and optimizing online sales channels, capturing a wider customer base.
  • Expanding in emerging markets: L'Oreal SA can explore new markets in emerging economies that exhibit strong growth potential, such as Brazil, China, and India, to diversify its revenue streams.


L'Oreal SA faces certain threats that could impact its performance in the market. These threats include:

  • Intense competition: The beauty and cosmetics industry is highly competitive, with numerous players vying for market share. L'Oreal SA must continuously innovate and differentiate itself to stay ahead.
  • Economic downturns: During economic downturns, consumer spending on non-essential products like cosmetics may decline, affecting L'Oreal SA's sales and profitability.
  • Regulatory challenges: The company operates in various countries with different regulatory frameworks, making compliance and adapting to changing regulations complex and potentially costly.

L'Oreal valuation based on historical P/E ratio, EBIT, and P/S ratio.

L'Oreal shares outstanding

The number of shares was L'Oreal in 2023 — This indicates how many shares 537.658 M is divided into. Since shareholders are the owners of a company, each share represents a small portion of the company's ownership.
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Number of stocks

Revenue, EBIT and Earnings per share

Revenue Per Share

Revenue per share represents the total revenue L'Oreal earns, divided by the number of outstanding shares. It is a crucial metric as it reflects the company's ability to generate sales and signifies growth and expansion potential. Comparing yearly revenue per share allows investors to analyze the consistency in a company’s earnings and predict future trends.

EBIT Per Share

EBIT per share indicates L'Oreal's earning before interest and taxes, offering insights into operational profitability excluding the effects of capital structure and tax rates. It can be juxtaposed against revenue per share to gauge the efficiency in converting sales into profits. A consistent increase in EBIT per share over the years underscores operational efficiency and profitability.

Income Per Share

Income per share, or earnings per share (EPS), reveals the portion of L'Oreal’s profit allocated to each share of common stock. It’s instrumental in evaluating the profitability and financial health. By comparing it with revenue and EBIT per share, investors discern how effectively a firm translates sales and operational profits into net income.

Expected Values

Expected values are projections of revenue, EBIT, and income per share for forthcoming years. These anticipations, rooted in historical data and market analysis, aid investors in strategizing their investments, evaluating L'Oreal's prospective performance, and estimating future stock prices. However, it’s pivotal to consider market volatilities and uncertainties that can influence these projections.

L'Oreal Stock splits

In L'Oreal's history, there have been no stock splits.

L'Oreal Stock Dividend

In 2023, L'Oreal paid a dividend amounting to 6 EUR. Dividend means that L'Oreal distributes a portion of its profits to its owners.
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Dividend (Estimate)


Dividend Overview

The dividend per year chart for L'Oreal provides a comprehensive view of the annual dividends distributed to shareholders. Analyze the trend to understand the consistency and growth in dividend payouts over the years.

Interpretation and Use

A consistent or increasing trend in dividends can indicate the company's profitability and financial health. Investors can use this data to identify L'Oreal’s potential for long-term investment and income generation through dividends.

Investment Strategy

Incorporate the dividend data in evaluating L'Oreal's overall performance. A thorough analysis, considering other financial aspects, will help in making informed investment decisions for optimal capital growth and income generation.

L'Oreal Dividend History

DateL'Oreal Dividend
2029e6.64 undefined
2028e6.64 undefined
2027e6.64 undefined
2026e6.64 undefined
2025e6.65 undefined
2024e6.65 undefined
20236 undefined
20224.8 undefined
20214 undefined
20203.85 undefined
20193.85 undefined
20183.55 undefined
20173.3 undefined
20163.1 undefined
20152.7 undefined
20142.5 undefined
20132.3 undefined
20122 undefined
20111.8 undefined
20101.5 undefined
20091.44 undefined
20081.38 undefined
20071.18 undefined
20061 undefined
20050.82 undefined
20041.1 undefined

L'Oreal Stock Payout Ratio

In 2023, L'Oreal had a payout ratio of 51.56%. The payout ratio indicates the percentage of the company's profits that L'Oreal distributes as dividends.
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Payout ratio

Payout ratio

What is Yearly Payout Ratio?

The yearly payout ratio for L'Oreal represents the proportion of earnings paid out as dividends to shareholders. It is an indicator of the company's financial health and stability, illustrating how much profit is being returned to investors versus being reinvested back into the company.

How to Interpret the Data

A lower payout ratio for L'Oreal could mean that the company is reinvesting more into its growth, whereas a higher ratio indicates more earnings are being distributed as dividends. Investors seeking regular income might prefer companies with a higher payout ratio, while those looking for growth may opt for companies with a lower ratio.

Using the Data for Investments

Evaluate L'Oreal's payout ratio in conjunction with other financial metrics and performance indicators. A sustainable payout ratio, coupled with strong financial health, can indicate a reliable dividend payout. However, a very high ratio might suggest the company is not sufficiently reinvesting in its future growth.

L'Oreal Payout Ratio History

DateL'Oreal Payout ratio
2029e49.08 %
2028e48.92 %
2027e48.82 %
2026e49.5 %
2025e48.44 %
2024e48.51 %
202351.56 %
202245.24 %
202148.72 %
202060.73 %
201957.81 %
201851.3 %
201751.97 %
201656.36 %
201546.31 %
201429.8 %
201347.33 %
201242.19 %
201144.12 %
201039.58 %
200946.91 %
200841.82 %
200726.94 %
200629.85 %
200526.2 %
200417.92 %
Unfortunately, there are currently no price targets and forecasts available for L'Oreal.

L'Oreal Earnings Surprises

DateEPS EstimateEPS ActualQuarterly report
12/31/20235.54 5.35  (-3.41 %)2023 Q4
6/30/20236.69 6.73  (0.66 %)2023 Q2
12/31/20225.34 5.21  (-2.48 %)2022 Q4
6/30/20225.5 6.05  (10 %)2022 Q2
12/31/20214.18 4.19  (0.34 %)2021 Q4
6/30/20214.53 4.63  (2.12 %)2021 Q2
12/31/20203.48 3.48  (-0.14 %)2020 Q4
6/30/20203.82 3.82  (0.06 %)2020 Q2
12/31/20193.5 3.36  (-4.05 %)2019 Q4
6/30/20194.5 4.38  (-2.69 %)2019 Q2

Eulerpool ESG Scorecard© for the L'Oreal stock

Eulerpool World ESG Rating (EESG©)

88/ 100

🌱 Environment


👫 Social


🏛️ Governance



Scope 1 - Direct Emissions
Scope 2 - Indirect emissions from purchased energy
Scope 3 - Indirect emissions within the value chain
Total CO₂ emissions
CO₂ reduction strategy
Coal energy
Nuclear power
Animal experiments
Fur & Leather
Palm Oil
Genetically modified organisms
Climate concept
Sustainable forestry
Recycling regulations
Environmentally friendly packaging
Hazardous substances
Fuel consumption and efficiency
Water consumption and efficiency


Percentage of female employees68
Percentage of women in management
Percentage of Asian employees
Share of Asian management
Percentage of Hispanic/Latino employees
Hispano/Latino Management share
Percentage of Black employees
Black Management Share
Percentage of white employees
White Management Share
Adult content
Military contracts
Human rights concept
Privacy concept
Occupational health and safety

Governance (Corporate Governance)

Environmental reporting
Stakeholder Engagement
Call Back Policies
Antitrust law

Kontaktformular an uns. The Eulerpool ESG Scorecard© is the strictly copyrighted intellectual property of Eulerpool Research Systems. Any unauthorized use, imitation, or infringement will be actively pursued and may lead to significant legal consequences. For licenses, collaborations, or usage rights, please contact us directly via our contact form. Contact Form to us.

L'Oreal Stock Shareholders

34.73 % Bettencourt Meyers Family185,715,079-274,30612/31/2023
20.13 % Nestle SA107,621,021-167,06412/31/2023
1.89 % L'Oréal Employees10,124,011154,55112/31/2023
1.06 % Norges Bank Investment Management (NBIM)5,671,371-326,56812/31/2023
1.04 % Fundsmith LLP5,582,666011/30/2023
0.84 % BlackRock Institutional Trust Company, N.A.4,475,70347,7953/31/2024
0.58 % BlackRock Advisors (UK) Limited3,122,87428,1653/31/2024
0.45 % Amundi Asset Management, SAS2,416,02348,5483/31/2024
0.45 % The Vanguard Group, Inc.2,408,892-7493/31/2024
0.42 % Jennison Associates LLC2,255,8812,6993/31/2024

L'Oreal Executives and Management Board

L'Oreal Supply Chain

NameRelationshipTwo-week correlationOne-month correlationThree-Month CorrelationSix-Month CorrelationOne Year CorrelationTwo-Year Correlation

Frequently Asked Questions about L'Oreal stock

What values and corporate philosophy does L'Oreal represent?

L'Oreal SA represents values of innovation, diversity, and sustainability. As a global beauty company, L'Oreal strives to provide high-quality products that meet the diverse needs of its consumers. The company promotes inclusivity by embracing a multicultural approach and celebrating individual differences. L'Oreal's corporate philosophy revolves around the belief that beauty should be accessible to all and that it can contribute to a more sustainable world. With a strong commitment to research and development, L'Oreal continuously seeks innovative solutions and technologies to enhance beauty care. Through its numerous brands, L'Oreal SA aims to empower individuals and inspire confidence while promoting environmental responsibility.

In which countries and regions is L'Oreal primarily present?

L'Oreal SA is primarily present in various countries and regions worldwide. The company has a significant presence in France, its home country, where it was founded. L'Oreal also has a strong presence in North America, particularly in the United States and Canada. In addition, the company has established itself in many European countries, including the United Kingdom, Germany, and Italy. L'Oreal's reach extends further to Asia, where it has a substantial presence in markets like China, Japan, and India. Additionally, the company operates in Latin American countries such as Brazil and Mexico. Overall, L'Oreal SA has a global presence, serving consumers in numerous countries and regions.

What significant milestones has the company L'Oreal achieved?

L'Oreal SA has achieved several significant milestones throughout its history. One notable milestone is the company's continuous growth and success in the beauty and cosmetics industry, establishing itself as a global leader. L'Oreal has also expanded its presence worldwide and acquired numerous well-known brands, such as Maybelline, Lancôme, and Kiehl's, further strengthening its market position. Additionally, L'Oreal has been at the forefront of innovation, introducing advanced skincare technologies and promoting sustainable beauty practices. With a commitment to research and development, L'Oreal has consistently delivered high-quality products and maintained a strong brand reputation.

What is the history and background of the company L'Oreal?

L'Oreal SA is a renowned cosmetics and beauty company based in France. With a rich history spanning over a century, L'Oreal was founded in 1909 by Eugène Schueller. The company has become a global leader in the beauty industry, offering a wide range of products including skincare, hair care, makeup, and fragrances. L'Oreal has established a strong presence in numerous countries and has acquired various popular brands over the years. With its commitment to innovation, research, and sustainability, L'Oreal continues to shape the beauty industry with groundbreaking products and initiatives. L'Oreal SA remains a trusted and influential player in the global beauty market.

Who are the main competitors of L'Oreal in the market?

L'Oreal SA faces strong competition from major players in the beauty and cosmetics industry. Some of its main competitors include Estée Lauder Companies Inc., The Procter & Gamble Company, Shiseido Company Limited, and Coty Inc. These companies also have a significant global presence and offer a wide range of beauty and personal care products. L'Oreal SA competes with them to capture market share, attract customers with innovative products, and maintain its position as a leading beauty brand.

In which industries is L'Oreal primarily active?

L'Oreal SA is primarily active in the beauty and personal care industry. The company operates in various sectors within this industry, including skincare, haircare, makeup, and fragrances. With a focus on innovative and high-quality products, L'Oreal SA has established itself as a global leader in the beauty industry. Leveraging its strong brand presence and extensive product portfolio, L'Oreal SA continues to drive growth and meet the evolving needs of consumers worldwide.

What is the business model of L'Oreal?

L'Oreal SA's business model revolves around being a leading multinational beauty and personal care company. They operate through four main divisions: Consumer Products, Professional Products, L'Oreal Luxe, and Active Cosmetics. The Consumer Products division offers mass-market skincare, haircare, makeup, and fragrance products. The Professional Products division provides haircare products to professionals and salons. L'Oreal Luxe offers high-end and luxury beauty products from renowned brands. Lastly, the Active Cosmetics division focuses on dermatology and skincare products. L'Oreal SA's business model emphasizes innovation, research, and development to cater to diverse consumer needs worldwide.

What is the P/E ratio of L'Oreal 2024?

The L'Oreal P/E ratio is 33.23.

What is the P/S ratio of L'Oreal 2024?

The L'Oreal P/S ratio is 5.2.

What is the AlleAktien quality score of L'Oreal?

The AlleAktien quality score for L'Oreal is 10/10.

What is the revenue of L'Oreal 2024?

The expected L'Oreal revenue is 45.63 B EUR.

How high is the profit of L'Oreal 2024?

The expected L'Oreal profit is 7.14 B EUR.

What does L'Oreal do?

With a turnover of over 27 billion euros in 2020, L'Oreal is one of the world's largest and most successful cosmetics companies. The French company was founded in 1909 and is now present in over 150 countries. L'Oreal's business model is based on four different divisions: Consumer Products, Professional Products, Luxury Products, and Active Cosmetics. The Consumer Products division includes all products available in retail stores. This includes makeup, skin, and hair care products. The L'Oreal Paris brand is the most well-known in this division and includes a wide range of products for women and men of all ages. Other brands such as Garnier, Maybelline, NYX, and Essie are also part of this division. The Professional Products division offers cosmetics for hairdressers, makeup artists, and other professional users. This includes hair dyes, hair care products, and salon supplies. Brands such as L'Oreal Professionnel, Redken, Matrix, and Kerastase are represented in this division and are appreciated by both professional users and customers. Luxury Products include all high-end products. This includes brands such as Lancôme, Biotherm, Yves Saint Laurent, and Giorgio Armani Beauty. The products are sold through high-end department stores, perfumeries, and online shops and target customers who value high-quality and exclusive products. The Active Cosmetics division offers skincare cosmetics. Brands such as Vichy, La Roche-Posay, and Skinceuticals are tailored to specific skincare needs and include products for acne treatment, sun protection, and anti-aging care. In recent years, L'Oreal has also focused more on online sales and digital channels. For example, the company offers personalized skincare products tailored to skin type and individual needs. Augmented reality apps are also used to facilitate customers' try-on of makeup products. L'Oreal's product range is wide and covers a variety of brands and categories. The company prioritizes research and development to develop innovative products that meet consumer needs. L'Oreal places great importance on sustainability and environmental protection and advocates the use of recyclable materials and the fight against animal testing. Overall, L'Oreal's business model is focused on meeting customer needs while remaining profitable. With its focus on research and development, sustainability, and digital distribution channels, the company is successful in a competitive market and can expect further growth and success in the future.

What is the L'Oreal dividend?

L'Oreal pays a dividend of 4.8 EUR distributed over 1 payouts per year.

How often does L'Oreal pay dividends?

L'Oreal pays out a dividend 1 times a year.

What is the L'Oreal ISIN?

The ISIN of L'Oreal is FR0000120321.

What is the L'Oreal WKN?

The WKN of L'Oreal is 853888.

What is the L'Oreal ticker?

The ticker of L'Oreal is OR.PA.

How much dividend does L'Oreal pay?

Over the past 12 months, L'Oreal paid a dividend of 6 EUR . This corresponds to a dividend yield of about 1.36 %. For the coming 12 months, L'Oreal is expected to pay a dividend of 6.65 EUR.

What is the dividend yield of L'Oreal?

The current dividend yield of L'Oreal is 1.36 %.

When does L'Oreal pay dividends?

L'Oreal pays a quarterly dividend. This is distributed in the months of May, May, May, May.

How secure is the dividend of L'Oreal?

L'Oreal paid dividends every year for the past 26 years.

What is the dividend of L'Oreal?

For the upcoming 12 months, dividends amounting to 6.65 EUR are expected. This corresponds to a dividend yield of 1.51 %.

In which sector is L'Oreal located?

L'Oreal is assigned to the 'Non-cyclical consumption' sector.

Wann musste ich die Aktien von L'Oreal kaufen, um die vorherige Dividende zu erhalten?

To receive the latest dividend of L'Oreal from 4/30/2024 amounting to 6.6 EUR, you needed to have the stock in your portfolio before the ex-date on 4/26/2024.

When did L'Oreal pay the last dividend?

The last dividend was paid out on 4/30/2024.

What was the dividend of L'Oreal in the year 2023?

In the year 2023, L'Oreal distributed 4.8 EUR as dividends.

In which currency does L'Oreal pay out the dividend?

The dividends of L'Oreal are distributed in EUR.

Other fundamentals and analyses of L'Oreal in the deep dive.

Our stock analysis for L'Oreal Revenue stock includes important financial indicators such as revenue, profit, P/E ratio, P/S ratio, EBIT, as well as information on dividends. We also assess aspects such as stocks, market capitalization, debt, equity, and liabilities of L'Oreal Revenue. If you are looking for more detailed information on these topics, we offer comprehensive analyses on our subpages.

1. Introduction to the World of Stocks

The Fascination of Stock Markets

The world of the stock markets is fascinating and dynamic, a world where billions of euros change hands every day. For investors, stocks offer a unique opportunity to participate in the growth and success of companies. The simplest realization, perhaps: A stock is nothing more than a share in a company. This could be an investment in the local bakery, a coffee chain like Starbucks, or a software giant like Microsoft. Owning stocks means owning companies. All great and small fortunes are made through company ownership.

Eulerpool is a global financial data provider with offices in St. Gallen (Switzerland), Singapore, and Munich.

At Eulerpool Research Systems, we understand this fascination with stocks like the L'Oreal stock and offer private investors, asset managers, banks, and institutional investors access to comprehensive and reliable financial ratios, high-quality financial data, and intuitive analysis tools to make informed investment decisions.

What Are Stocks?

Shares represent stakes in a company, as is the case with the L'Oreal share. When you buy a share, you become a co-owner of that company. Stock trading takes place on exchanges, an organized market where buyers and sellers meet. The price of a share is determined by supply and demand and reflects the economic performance and potential of the company.

Significance of Stocks in Asset Accumulation

Investing in stocks means directly participating in economic growth. Compared to other forms of investment, stocks often offer higher returns, but they also carry higher risks. With the right tools and analyses, such as those provided by Eulerpool, investors can minimize these risks and make informed decisions.

Our companies create incredible value every day. Through great products and services that we all love. Whether it's coffee, Starbucks, real estate, software, or entertainment. Every product we use comes from a company. By owning shares, we participate in these businesses.

The Role of Stock Metrics and Analysis

The key to success in wealth accumulation with stocks lies in the thorough analysis and understanding of the underlying metrics. This is where Eulerpool Research Systems comes into play: We provide access to over a million securities and ten million metrics, offering our users a comprehensive analysis foundation. Private investors at Eulerpool have access to professional metrics and analysis tools on par with institutional investors.

Long-term Perspectives and Strategies with Stocks, ETFs, Funds, and Crypto

Successful investing requires a long-term perspective. It's not about taking advantage of short-term market fluctuations, but about identifying companies with solid fundamentals and growth potential. Eulerpool supports investors in recognizing such companies and sustainably building their portfolios.

Stocks are an essential component of the modern financial world. By deepening their understanding of stock markets and utilizing quality data and analyses, investors can successfully increase their wealth. Eulerpool Research Systems is by your side as a reliable partner on this journey.

2. Fundamentals of Stocks and ETFs with a Focus on L'Oreal

The Role of Stocks in the Financial Market

Stocks are fundamental building blocks of the financial market. A stock represents a share in a company, such as L'Oreal. It gives the holder a piece of the company and, depending on the type of stock, voting rights at the general meeting. Investors buy stocks in the hope that the company will grow, which is reflected in rising stock prices and potential dividend payouts.

ETFs: An Introduction

Exchange Traded Funds (ETFs) are investment funds that are traded on stock exchanges and replicate the composition of an index, such as the DAX or NASDAQ. They allow investors to invest in a broad portfolio of stocks like L'Oreal without having to buy each stock individually. ETFs are popular for their low fees and ease of handling.

L'Oreal in the world of stocks and ETFs

Companies like L'Oreal are often important components in many stock portfolios and ETFs. The valuation of L'Oreal therefore not only affects direct investors in the L'Oreal stock, but also investors who have invested in ETFs containing L'Oreal shares.

Dividends and L'Oreal

A key element for stock investors is the dividend that companies like L'Oreal distribute to their shareholders. The "dividend yield" of L'Oreal can be an important factor in determining whether a stock represents an attractive investment.

Analysis and Valuation of Stocks

Stock analysis and valuation is a crucial step in determining the true value of companies such as L'Oreal. This process involves analyzing various financial metrics and reports to gain a comprehensive picture of the financial health and potential of L'Oreal.

Both individual stocks and ETFs play an important role in an investor’s portfolio. Investing in companies like L'Oreal and understanding their role in ETFs are essential components for success in the world of finance. With the right tools and analyses, investors can make informed decisions about their investments in stocks and ETFs.

3. Stock Analysis: A Universal Guide

Fundamentals of Financial and Stock Analysis

Financial analysis is the backbone of every investment decision. Whether it involves stocks of technology companies, consumer goods manufacturers, or financial service providers, the analysis of financial metrics is crucial. It encompasses the evaluation of balance sheets, income statements, and cash flow statements.

Key Financial Ratios for Stocks

Core metrics include the price-to-earnings ratio (P/E), dividend yield, return on equity, and price-to-book ratio. The Eulerpool Fair Value is also becoming increasingly popular among professional investors. These metrics offer insights into the valuation, profitability, and financial health of a company.

Analysis of Corporate Performance

The analysis of company performance includes comparing historical data to identify trends in revenue, profit, and other key financial aspects. This analysis assists in forecasting future performance and assessing growth potential.

Eulerpool displays both historical data (up to 30 years of data history) on revenue, EBIT, profit, dividends, and many more, as well as professional forecasts for the coming 7 years.

Risk and Opportunity Assessment

The assessment of risks and opportunities is another important aspect of financial analysis. It encompasses the examination of market risks, credit risks, and operational risks, as well as the evaluation of opportunities arising from new market trends or technological innovations.

Long-Term Financial Outlook

The long-term financial perspective is particularly important for investors interested in sustainable growth and stable returns. This perspective takes into account long-term profitability, the ability to distribute dividends, and the potential for future growth.

A thorough stock analysis is crucial for the success of investments in stocks. Regardless of the industry or the specific company, a well-founded analysis allows investors to make informed decisions and achieve their investment goals.

4. Market and Industry Trends: Their Importance in Stock Analysis

Introduction to Market and Industry Trends

Market and industry trends play a crucial role in the valuation of stocks. Regardless of whether it involves companies from the technology, consumer goods, finance, or any other sector, knowledge of current and future trends is essential for investors.

Global Economic Trends

Analyzing global economic trends is fundamental to understanding the potential and risks of stock investments. These trends can be influenced by geopolitical changes, economic policies, technological advancements, and global events such as pandemics or economic crises.

Industry-Specific Developments

Every industry has its specific trends and challenges. Understanding these specific factors is crucial to assess a company's position within its industry and its potential compared to competitors.

Technological Innovations

Technological innovations can revolutionize entire industries and create new growth opportunities. A company's ability to adapt to and utilize technological changes is an important indicator of its future growth.

Sustainability and Social Responsibility

Sustainability and social responsibility are increasingly gaining importance. Companies that are leading in these areas may deliver better long-term performance, as they are better prepared for future regulatory changes and consumer preferences.

Market Dynamics and Competition

Analyzing market dynamics and competition is crucial to understand a company's strengths and weaknesses. This includes assessing market shares, competitive positioning, and strategic orientation.

Taking into account market and industry trends is an essential part of stock analysis. A deep understanding of these trends enables investors to make informed decisions and better assess the long-term prospects of an investment.

5. Investment Strategies: Diversification and Risk Management

Introduction to Investment Strategies Effective investment strategies are crucial for success in the stock market. Regardless of specific stocks or sectors, it is important to have a well-thought-out investment strategy that considers diversification and risk management.

Diversification: Key to Risk Management

Diversification is a fundamental strategy to minimize risk. It involves spreading investments across different asset classes, industries, and geographic regions to reduce the risk of market volatility and industry-specific downturns.

Long-Term vs. Short-Term Investment Strategies

Investors should distinguish between long-term and short-term investment strategies. Long-term strategies focus on holding stocks over extended periods to benefit from price increases and dividends. Short-term strategies, on the other hand, take advantage of current market trends and fluctuations.

Significance of Risk Tolerance

Individual risk tolerance plays a crucial role in choosing an investment strategy. It depends on various factors such as investment goals, time horizon, and personal comfort with volatility.

Fundamental Analysis and Technical Analysis

Both analysis methods are important for developing investment strategies. Fundamental analysis deals with the assessment of the intrinsic value of stocks, while technical analysis uses market movements and patterns to make trading decisions.

Portfolio Rebalancing

Regular rebalancing of the portfolio is important to maintain the desired risk profile. This includes adjusting the portfolio composition to ensure that it aligns with investment objectives and risk tolerance levels.

A well-thought-out investment strategy that considers diversification, risk tolerance, fundamental analysis, and technical analysis is essential for success in stock trading. Regular portfolio rebalancing helps manage risks and achieve investment goals.

6. Future Perspectives and Potentials in the Stock Market

Introduction to Future Market Trends The stock market is constantly subject to change, influenced by global economic trends, technological developments, and political decisions. Understanding this dynamic is essential for long-term oriented investors.

The Importance of Market Research and Forecasts

Market research and forecasts play a significant role in predicting future market trends. They help investors identify potential growth areas and industries with high potential.

The Influence of Technology and Innovation

Technological innovations are often drivers for market changes. New technologies can disrupt existing industries while simultaneously creating new investment opportunities. Investors should keep an eye on emerging technology trends and their potential impacts on various sectors.

Sustainability and ESG Investments

Sustainability and ESG criteria (Environmental, Social, Governance) are becoming increasingly important for investment decisions. Companies that are leading in these areas could demonstrate greater growth potential in the coming years.

Global Economic Changes

Global economic changes, such as demographic shifts, geopolitical movements, and economic policy decisions, influence stock markets worldwide. Understanding these factors is crucial for developing a robust investment strategy.

Risk Management and Future Vision

Effective risk management remains an important aspect for future investments. Investors should have a balanced vision that considers both potential risks and opportunities.

Taking into account future market trends and global economic changes is crucial for long-term success in the stock market. Investors should proactively monitor technology trends, sustainability, and geopolitical shifts to identify future investment opportunities and adjust their portfolio accordingly.

7. Case Studies: Successful Investment Strategies in the Stock Market

Introduction to Case Studies Analyzing case studies of successful investments offers valuable insights into effective strategies and decision-making processes in the stock market. These case studies can cover a wide range of industries and market conditions, making them relevant for investors of all types.

Analysis of Success Stories

By studying examples where investors have made significant gains, important lessons can be learned about market analysis, timing, and risk management. These stories offer not only inspiration but also practical lessons that can be directly applied to one's own investment strategies.

Understanding Errors and Failures

Equally instructive are case studies that deal with mistakes and failures. These examples help to identify common pitfalls in the stock market and understand how to avoid them in the future.

Diversification and Portfolio Strategy

Some case studies demonstrate how diversification and a well-thought-out portfolio strategy can lead to success. They underline the importance of risk distribution and the selection of stocks from different industries and regions.

Long-Term vs. Short-Term Strategies

Case studies provide insights into the differences between long-term and short-term investment strategies. They illustrate how different approaches can work in various market environments.

Adjustment to Market Changes

Another important aspect highlighted by case studies is the ability to adapt strategies to changing market conditions. Flexibility and adaptability are crucial factors for long-term success.

Case studies are an indispensable tool for learning and developing as an investor. They offer practical insights into successful strategies and help avoid mistakes. The analysis of case studies helps investors make informed and reflective investment decisions.

8. Practical Tips for Buying Stocks

Introduction to Stock Purchasing Purchasing stocks can be a rewarding decision for investors of all levels of experience. This chapter provides practical tips that will help you make smart and informed investment decisions.

Choosing the Right Broker

An important step in buying stocks is selecting a suitable broker. Key criteria for this are fee structures, user-friendliness of the platform, customer service, and the availability of research and analysis tools.

Understanding Market Mechanisms

Before you invest in stocks, it's important to understand the basics of the stock market, including how exchanges operate, buy and sell orders, and the significance of market capitalization and liquidity.

Conducting a thorough analysis

A careful analysis of the companies you wish to invest in is essential. This includes the evaluation of financial reports, analysis of industry trends, and consideration of corporate news and events.

Portfolio Diversification

Diversifying your portfolio across various industries and regions is a proven approach to minimizing risks and achieving stable returns in the long term.

Establishment of an Investment Strategy

Define your investment goals and risk tolerance and develop an investment strategy that suits your profile. Decide whether you want to pursue a long-term buy-and-hold strategy or a more active trading strategy.

Long-Term Perspective

Consider stock investments with a long-term perspective. Market fluctuations are normal, and taking a long-term view can help you avoid hasty decisions.

Continuous Education and Information

Stay informed about market and economic news, and continuously engage with the latest developments in the stock market. Education is a key aspect to succeed in stock trading.

Purchasing stocks requires careful consideration and a well-founded strategy. By selecting the right broker, thorough analysis, diversification, and a long-term perspective, you can maximize your chances of successful investments.

9. Summary and Outlook: The Path Forward in the Stock Market

Review of Key Points In this guide, we have covered various aspects of stock investing, from the basics of stocks and ETFs to financial analysis, market and industry trends, and practical tips for buying stocks. Each chapter aimed to provide investors with the necessary knowledge and tools to make informed decisions.

The Importance of Continuous Education

One of the most important insights is that the world of stock markets is dynamic and constantly changing. Therefore, continuous education and adjustment of investment strategies are crucial. Investors should always stay informed and regularly refresh their knowledge.

Adjustment to Market Changes

The ability to adapt to market changes is crucial for long-term success. Investors should remain flexible, recognize trends, and be willing to adjust their strategies accordingly.

Long-Term Perspectives

While short-term market volatility can pose a challenge, it is important to maintain a long-term perspective. Long-term investments have often proved to be an effective way to benefit from the market's growth potential.

Keep an Eye on Future Developments

Technological developments, global economic trends, and changes in corporate governance will continue to be important factors that influence the stock market. Investors should keep an eye on such developments and adjust their portfolios accordingly.

Final Thoughts

Investing in stocks offers many opportunities, but also requires diligence, research, and a thoughtful strategy. With the right tools, knowledge, and a proactive attitude, investors can fully leverage the potential of the stock market.


The future of the stock market is full of opportunities. With sound strategies and an enlightened approach, investors can benefit from the chances the market offers.

10. Investment Psychology and Investor Behavior

Introduction to Investment Psychology Investment psychology is a critical, often overlooked aspect of the financial world. It examines how psychological factors influence the behavior of investors and, ultimately, the stock markets themselves.

Emotional Factors in the Investment Process

Investors are not purely rational actors and are often influenced by emotions such as greed and fear. These emotional responses can lead to irrational decisions, such as selling stocks in panic phases or excessive investments during boom phases.

Cognitive Biases and Their Effects

Cognitive biases such as confirmation bias (the tendency to search only for information that confirms one's own beliefs) and overconfidence (excessive self-confidence) can lead to flawed investment decisions. These biases can cause investors to underestimate risks and overvalue opportunities.

Herd Behavior in the Stock Market

Herd behavior refers to the phenomenon where investors tend to follow the crowd or market trends rather than trusting their own analysis and judgment. This can lead to market bubbles or exaggerated market corrections.

Strategies for Overcoming Emotional Decisions

Disciplined Investment Strategy: Develop a clear investment strategy and adhere to it to minimize emotional reactions. Diversification: Spread your investments across various asset classes to mitigate risk and reduce emotional reactions to market fluctuations. Long-Term Perspective: Focus on long-term objectives to withstand short-term market volatility. Importance of Education and Self-Reflection Education and awareness of one's biases and emotional tendencies are crucial. Regular self-reflection and studying investment psychology can help avoid typical pitfalls.

Investment psychology is an essential component of successful investment strategies. By understanding and considering psychological aspects, investors can make more disciplined, rational, and ultimately more successful investment decisions.

11. Technical Analysis in Detail

Introduction to Technical Analysis Technical analysis is a method for predicting future stock price movements based on the examination of past market data, primarily price and volume. It is founded on the assumption that market trends repeat themselves and that historical price movements are significant indicators of future activity.

Basic Principles of Technical Analysis

  • Market TrendsThe idea that markets follow trends that can be identified over various periods of time.
  • History repeats itselfThe assumption that market behavior and patterns will repeat over time.
  • Prices reflect everythingThe belief that all current market prices reflect all available information. Chart patterns and what they mean.
  • Head and shoulders patternA reversible pattern that typically occurs at the end of an uptrend.
  • Double Top and Double BottomPatterns that indicate peaks or valleys in the price history and often signal a trend reversal.
  • Triangles and FlagsContinuation patterns indicating a continuation of the current trend. Technical indicators and their application.
  • Moving Averages (gleitende Durchschnitte)Smoothing of price fluctuations over a specific period.
  • Relative Strength Index (RSI)A momentum indicator that signals overbought or oversold conditions.
  • MACD (Moving Average Convergence Divergence)A trend-following momentum indicator. Volume Analysis: Trading volume plays a crucial role in technical analysis, as it can provide additional insight into the strength of an existing trend.

Candlestick Analysis

Candlestick charts provide detailed information about market sentiment and can help identify turning points in the market.

Risks and Limitations of Technical Analysis

While technical analysis can provide valuable insights, it is not without faults. Incorrect signals and self-fulfilling predictions are potential risks.

Technical analysis is a powerful tool in the arsenal of any investor. It provides insights into market trends and sentiments which, when interpreted correctly, can lead to informed trading decisions. However, it should always be used in combination with other forms of analysis and within the context of the overall market.

12. Fundamental Analysis in Detail

Introduction to Fundamental Analysis Fundamental analysis is a method of evaluating the intrinsic value of a stock, based on economic, financial, and other qualitative and quantitative factors. It aims to understand the underlying health and performance of a company.

Core Aspects of Fundamental Analysis

  • Financial ReportsAnalysis of balance sheets, income statements, and cash flow statements to assess the financial health of a company.
  • Industry AnalysisExamination of industry dynamics, market size, growth potential, and competitive landscape.
  • Corporate GovernanceAssessment of Management Quality and Corporate Governance. Evaluation Metrics.
  • Price-Earnings Ratio (P/E)Measures the price of a stock in relation to its earnings.
  • Price-Book Value Ratio (P/B Ratio)Compares the market value with the book value of a company.
  • Dividend YieldThe percentage of the company's profit that is distributed as a dividend to shareholders.

Analysis of Earning Power

The ability of a company to generate and increase profits is a central aspect of fundamental analysis. This includes evaluating revenue growth rates, profit margins, and cash flow generation.

Long-Term Perspectives and Sustainability

Fundamental analysis also includes the assessment of a company's long-term prospects and its ability to generate sustainable growth.

Macroeconomic Factors

Consideration of macroeconomic factors such as interest rates, inflation rates, and economic cycles that can affect the overall economy and specific industries.

Risks and Limitations of Fundamental Analysis

Fundamental analysis can be time-consuming and may not take into account short-term market fluctuations. Additionally, data interpretation can be subjective.

Fundamental analysis is an essential tool for long-term oriented investors. It helps to determine the true value of a stock and make informed investment decisions based on the financial and economic performance of a company.

13. Macroeconomic Factors and the Stock Market

Introduction to Macroeconomic Factors Macroeconomic factors play a crucial role in shaping global financial markets. This chapter examines how economic policy, interest rates, inflation, and other macroeconomic indicators influence the stock market.

The world of finance is complex and multifaceted, and one of the key factors that both new and experienced investors should always keep an eye on are the macroeconomic factors. These global economic indicators often have a profound impact on the stock markets. In this blog post, we illuminate how central banks, economic growth, inflation, and global trade dynamics shape the stock markets.

The Role of Central Banks

Monetary policy decisions by central banks, such as setting interest rates, have immediate effects on the stock markets. Low interest rates can boost the stock markets as they create more favorable credit conditions for companies and consumers, thereby promoting economic growth. On the other hand, rising interest rates can put pressure on the markets as they increase borrowing costs and can slow down growth.

Economic Growth and Labor Market

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is an important indicator of overall economic health. Strong economic growth often signals good conditions for stock investments, as it usually comes with higher corporate profits and stronger consumer demand. Similarly, robust labor market conditions, reflected in low unemployment rates and strong wage growth, are typically positive for the stock markets.

Inflation – A Double-Edged Sword

Inflation can erode purchasing power, but it can also be a sign of a growing economy. Moderate inflation is often seen as healthy, but high inflation can lead to uncertainty and prompt central banks to raise interest rates, which can negatively affect the stock markets.

Global Trading Dynamics

International trade relations and conflicts, such as tariffs and trade wars, can have significant impacts on stock markets. Companies heavily involved in international trade can be particularly vulnerable to such geopolitical tensions.


Macroeconomic factors provide important insights into the general market direction and should be carefully observed by every investor. A comprehensive understanding of these factors allows investors to make informed decisions and adjust their portfolios accordingly to safeguard against potential risks and capitalize on opportunities.

Macroeconomic factors are an integral part of the analysis of stock markets. A comprehensive understanding of these factors enables investors to make better decisions by considering the broader economic conditions that can influence market performance.

14. Investing in Different Market Phases

Introduction to Market Cycles

The stock market goes through various phases influenced by different economic, political, and psychological factors. This chapter examines strategies for investing in different market phases: bull markets, bear markets, and correction periods.

The stock market is known for its cycles of ups and downs. For investors, understanding these market phases—bull markets, bear markets, and correction phases—can be the key to success. In this post, we examine effective strategies for each of these market phases.

Bull Market Strategies

CharacteristicsA bull market is characterized by rising stock prices, a strong economy, and positive investor sentiment.

Investment StrategiesIn a bull market, investors should focus their portfolio on growth stocks. Companies with high potential and innovative business models can particularly benefit in this phase.

Risk ManagementEven when sentiment is positive, investors should keep a potential overvaluation in mind and diversify to minimize risks.

Bear Market Strategies

FeaturesBear markets are characterized by falling prices and a pessimistic mood among investors.

Investment StrategiesThis is the time to look for undervalued, high-quality stocks. Defensive stocks that generate stable returns can be a safe investment in bear markets.

Long-term PerspectiveBear markets can be frightening, but they also offer buying opportunities for long-term oriented investors.

Strategies for Market Volatility and Corrections

Dealing with FluctuationsMarket volatility can offer short-term buying and selling opportunities, but requires good timing and an understanding of market trends.

Opportunities in CorrectionsA market correction phase in which prices fall by 10% or more can be an opportunity to acquire high-quality stocks at lower prices.

Psychological AspectsInvesting is not just a matter of numbers, but also of psychology. Discipline and avoiding emotional decisions are essential in all market phases.

Whether in a bull or bear market, the key principle is to stay informed and adapt to changing conditions. By understanding the different market phases and applying appropriate strategies, investors can maximize their success regardless of the prevailing market conditions.

Every market phase presents unique challenges and opportunities. By understanding the characteristics of each phase and applying appropriate strategies, investors can improve their chances of success across different market cycles.

15. Taxation Aspects of Stock Trading

Introduction to Tax Aspects

Trading stocks not only affects the return but also the investor's tax burden. This chapter covers basic tax aspects to consider when buying and selling stocks.

Investing in stocks can be a rewarding way to grow your wealth. But are you also considering the tax implications of your investment decisions? In this blog post, we take a detailed look at the tax aspects of stock trading and offer valuable tips on how to minimize your tax burden.

1. Understanding the Taxation of Capital Gains

Whether you receive dividends or sell shares at a profit, your capital gains are taxable. It's important to understand how these incomes are taxed in your country and what allowances you may be eligible for.

2. The Art of Loss Offset

Not every stock trade ends profitably. However, the tax office allows you to offset losses against gains. Learn about the loss offsetting rules and how you can carry forward losses to reduce your future tax burden.

3. Utilize Allowances and Tax Exemptions

In many countries, there are tax allowances for capital gains. Inform yourself about your local laws to ensure that you are making use of all available tax benefits.

4. International Taxation – Avoiding Double Taxation

Are you investing in foreign stocks? Then you should familiarize yourself with withholding tax and the rules for avoiding double taxation. Double taxation agreements between countries can play a role in this.

5. Tax Planning is Crucial

Long-term tax planning can help you optimize your tax burden. Consider the holding periods of stocks and plan your sales strategically.

Tax planning is an integral part of successful stock trading. By having a basic understanding of the tax aspects, you can ensure that you do not pay more taxes than necessary and maximize your returns. Remember to consult a tax advisor or financial expert if needed to get individual advice for your specific situation.

Considering tax aspects is an important part of stock trading. Effective tax planning can significantly impact the net return of stock investments. Investors should be aware of the tax implications of their investment decisions and seek professional advice if necessary.

16. Ethical and Sustainable Investing

Ethical investing, often also referred to as socially responsible investing (SRI) or sustainable investing, focuses on generating financial returns while concurrently promoting positive social and environmental impacts.

In a time when sustainability and social responsibility are becoming increasingly focused on, ethical investing is also gaining in importance. Ethical investing, often referred to as socially responsible investing (SRI) or ESG investing (Environmental, Social, Governance), enables investors to not only achieve financial returns but also promote positive changes in society and the environment.

What is Ethical Investing?

Ethical investing is the practice of investing capital in companies and funds that have positive social and environmental impacts. This approach takes into account ethical, social, and ecological criteria in selecting investments to ensure that the invested money aligns with the investor’s personal values.

The Three Pillars of ESG Investing

Environment (Environmental)

Investments in companies that promote environmentally friendly practices, such as renewable energy and sustainable resource use.


Supporting companies that provide fair working conditions and actively contribute to the community.

Corporate Governance

Focus on companies with ethical leadership practices, including transparency and accountability. Why Invest Ethically?

Ethical investing offers not only the opportunity to invest in one's own financial future but also to contribute to a more sustainable and just world. It allows investors to support companies that have a positive social and environmental impact, while simultaneously avoiding firms that contradict their values.

Challenges and Opportunities

Although ethical investing offers many advantages, there are also challenges. These include assessing ESG criteria and determining the real social and ecological impact of investments. Nevertheless, this approach presents opportunities for long-term growth and the chance to be part of a larger movement for positive change.

Ethical investing is more than just an investment strategy; it's an expression of personal values and beliefs. In a world where we are increasingly seeking ways to effect positive change, it offers a powerful means to deploy our capital for good.

17. The Influence of Central Banks and Monetary Policy on the Stock Market

In the world of finance, central banks play a leading role. Their monetary policy decisions have far-reaching effects, not only on the economy in general but also specifically on the stock markets. In this blog post, we illuminate how the actions of central banks, especially the setting of key interest rates and quantitative easing, can influence the stock markets.

Central Banks as Market Regulators

Central banks, such as the European Central Bank (ECB) or the US Federal Reserve (Fed), are tasked with stabilizing the economy. By adjusting key interest rates and open market operations, they control the money supply and thus influence inflation and economic growth.

Interest Rates and Their Impact on Stocks

One of the most powerful tools of central banks is the key interest rates. Low interest rates reduce the cost of loans, which benefits companies and consumers. This can lead to increased corporate profits and thus raise stock prices. Conversely, high interest rates can increase borrowing costs, which can negatively affect corporate profits and thereby stock prices.

Quantitative Easing – A Double-Edged Sword

Quantitative easing (QE) is another measure employed during times of economic distress. By purchasing securities, the central bank increases the money supply and thereby stimulates economic activity. This can lead to a higher valuation of stocks as investors seek out higher-yielding investments. However, this policy carries the risk of inflation and market distortions.

The Role of Expectations

Not only the actual measures of central banks play a significant role, but the expectations of investors are also important. Announcements and forecasts can lead to immediate market reactions, even if the measures themselves are implemented later.

Globally interconnected financial markets

In our globalized world, the actions of a major central bank cannot be considered in isolation. Coordinated or countervailing monetary policies in different countries can have complex effects on international stock markets.

Central bank monetary policy is a key factor in the stock market. Investors should always keep an eye on the decisions and announcements of central banks to adjust their investment strategies accordingly. A solid understanding of monetary policy can help to better understand the dynamics of the stock markets and make smart investment decisions.

Appendix: Eulerpool Glossary and Additional Resources

Glossary of Key Terms

Throughout this guide, numerous technical terms have been used. Below you will find a glossary of the most important terms to enhance your to deepen understanding:

  • ShareA financial instrument that represents ownership interests in a company.
  • ETF (Exchange-Traded Fund)An exchange-traded fund that replicates the composition of an index.
  • P/E Ratio (Price-Earnings Ratio)A metric that represents the share price of a company in relation to its earnings per share.
  • Dividend YieldThe percentage that indicates the ratio of the dividend to the current share price.
  • Market CapitalizationThe total value of a company's outstanding shares.
  • LiquidityThe ability of an asset to be quickly converted into cash without a significant loss in value.
  • Risk toleranceThe degree of uncertainty in investment performance that an investor is willing to accept.

Further Resources

For those who want to further deepen their knowledge, here are some recommended resources listed:

  • Financial news websitesWebsites such as Bloomberg, Reuters, and Financial Times provide current information and analysis.
  • Educational ResourcesOnline platforms such as Investopedia, Khan Academy, and Coursera offer courses and materials for financial education.
  • Specialist booksThere are a multitude of books on stock investing, ranging from beginner's guides to advanced manuals.
  • Podcasts and WebinarsMany experts and market observers share their knowledge in podcasts and webinars, which offer a convenient way to stay up-to-date.

Closing Remarks

This appendix serves as a useful reference and starting point for further studies. The world of stock investments is extensive and constantly changing, thus it is important to continuously educate oneself and stay informed.